Scientific and Technical Category

I.  Materials Physics
Electronic and atomic structures and physical properties
A. Electronic structures and physical properties:
Electronic state, Electron transport, Magnetic properties, Giant magneto-resistance, Spin polarization, Magnetro-optical properties, Superconductivity, Metal-insulater transition, Highly correlated electron system, Dielectric properties, Thermal properties, Optical properties, Hyperfine interaction with nucleus, Semiconductor physics, etc.
B. Atomic structures and physical properties:
Crystalstructure, Quasicrystal, Amorphous structure, Liquid structure, Lattice dynamics and stability, Phase transition, Incommensurate and commensurate structures, Atom transport, Crystal growth, Lattice defect, Surface, Interface, Grain boundary, Nanocrystal, etc.
C. Applications of materials physics:
Intermetallic compounds, Non-equilibrium crystals, Multilayered films, Super Lattices, Ultra-thin films, Ultra-fine particles/Atomic clusters, Low dimensional electronic materials, Fulleren materials, Complicated solids, Spin glass, Antiferromagnet, Radiation effect, Non-equilibrium materials transportation, Enegetic particle-solid interaction, Effects of impurities, Phase stability, Nano-scale quantum effect, Tunneling effect/STM, Mossbauer effect, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Spectroscopy/ Luminescence/Diffraction in general, etc.

II.  Microstructure of Materials
Phase transformation, structure-control and their applications

A. Phase transformations:
Diffusion, Aging, Precipitation, Diffusional transformation, Martensitic and bainitic transformation, Order-disorder transformation, Recovery, Recrystallization, Texture, Grain growih, Phase diagram, Micro segregation, Phase transformaion under special conditions, Hydrogen related phenomena, etc.
B. Structure-control:
Structure-control by means of Thermomechanical treatment, Rapid solidification, Mechanical workings including mechanical alloying, etc.
C. Experimental techniques for analysis of transformation mechanism and microstructure :Electron microscopy, X-ray, Neutron diffraction, FIM, STM, AFM, Image mapping techniques, Computer simulation, etc.
D. Application of phase transformation and structure-control to engineering materials

III. Mechanics of Materials

A. Fundamentals (theory, experiment, simulation):
Mechanics (elasicity, plasticity, fracture mechanics, finite element method, molecular dynamics, micromechanics, etc.), Dislocaion (structure, motion, multiplication, reaction, interaction, etc.), Dislocation-defect interaction, Deformaion (elasticity, anelasticity, plasticity, viscosity, grain-boundary sliding, deformation twinning, etc.), Strengthening mechanism, Fracture mechanism (nucleation, growth and coalescence of cracks and voids)
B. Structural factors:
Microstructure control (working, heat treatment, thermomechanical treatment, alloying, etc.), Non-equilibrium treatment (rapid solidification, mechanical alloying, etc.), Material synthesis (interface strength, composites, multilayered structure, thin films, coating, etc.)
C. Environmental factors:
Hydrogen embrittlement, Stress-corrosion cracking, Corrosion fatigue, Embrittlement at low and high temperatures, Shock embrittlement, Embrittlement due to aging,corrosion, oxidation, etc., Irradiation effects
D. Mechanical properties:
Elasticity, Anelasticity, Internal friction, Plasticity, Viscosity, Ductility, Toughness, Static and dynamic fracture, Fracture toughness, Fatigue, Creep, Creep-fatigue interaction, Superplasticity, Tribology, Wear and erosion, etc. of Metals Alloys, Intermetallics, Ceramics, Amorphous, Composites, Thin films, Micro-devices, Forms, etc.
E. Testing, evaluation and analysis:
Testing and evaluation methods, Prediction of mechanical properties (stress-strain response, creep curve prediction, life assessment, etc.), Alloy design, Composite and material system design, Data base

IV.  Materials Chemistry
Physical chemistry of materials

A. Physical chemistry of fulnctional materials:
    a. Manufacturing processes of functional materials (manufacturing processes of electronic materials, ionic conductors, fine ceramics, new glasses, and sensor materials, systems and reaction processes of PVD and CVD,etc. )
    b. Physical chemistry of functional materials (structure and function, Chemistry of defect structures, Mechanism of ionic conduction, Mechanism of chemical sensors,Photo-chemistry, Biocompatibility, Antimicrobial chemistry, Physical chemistry of battery matreials, electrochemical function, sensing function, etc.)
B. Chemistry of matallurgy, refining and recycling:
    a. High temperature physical chemistry (metallurgical thermodynamics, physics and chemistry of melts, melt crystal growih, reaction rates, etc. )
    b. Metallurgy and refining processes (metallurgical and refining processes, reaction processes, transport phenomena, process analysis, computational fiuid dynamics, ultra-high purification, chemistry of materials recycling, removal of tramp elements, etc.)
    c. Chemistry for environmental preservation (C02 emission control, energy saving, environmental consciousness, removal of harmful substances, etc.)
C. Surface chemistry:
    a. Corrosion and protection (aqueous corrosion, electrochemical measurement, surface films, corrosion resistant alloys, corrosion resistant coatings, corrosion inhibitors. cathodic protection, erosion, evaluation of corrosion environment, localized corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, corrosion, etc.)
    b. High temperature oxidation and high temperature corrosion (high temperature gaseous corrosion, molten salt corrosion, heat resistant materials, heat resistant coatings, super critical environment, etc.)
    c. Surface modification (plating, anodic oxidation, PVD and CVD coatings, spray coatings, weld overlay, dipping and diffusion treatment, etc.)
    d. Surface function (electrodes, electric cells. catalysts, displays. functionally gradient materials, etching, etc.)
D. Surfdace characterization:
    a. Surface characterization (compositional and chemical state analysis of surface by AES, XPS, SIMS etc.. structural analysis of surface by STM, AFM, atomprobe, etc.)
    b. Surface and interface phenomena (properties of material surface. surface reaction, adsorption, evaporation, etc.)
E. Analytical science and chemical measurement:
    a. Analylical science (methods of chemical and instrumental analysis, ultramicroanalysis, ultramicroarea analysis, chemical state analysis in-situ analysis of environment and reaction process , imaging analysis of component, etc.)
    b. Chemical measurement (development of analytical instrunlents, chemical sensors, monitoring techniques, etc.)
F: Modeling
    a. Database, Phase Diagram
    b. Modeling, Simulation

V.  Materials Processing
Manufacturing process and methods of giving functions to materials

A. Gas/Plasma-Phase Processing:
PVD, CVD, Sputtering, Plasma processing, Ion implantation, Ion mixing, Coating, Cluster control, Surface treatment, Surface modification, etc.
B. Solidffication Processing:
Nucleation and crystal growth, Super-cooling, Non-equilibrium, Amorphous, Transport phenomena, High purification, Rheocasting, Welding, Manufacturing of single crystals, Manufacturing of composites, soldering, brazing, etc.
C. Spray Process:
Thermal spray, Reactive thermal spray, Spraying fundamental, Cold spray, Spray forming, Aerosol deposition, Atomization.
D. Solid-Phase Processing:
Forming process, Heat treatment, Fabrication of powders, Powder metallurgy, Sintering, Mechanical alloying, Mechanochemical process, High-strain rate forming, Diffusion bonding, Brazing, Soldering, Electrolytic machining, Electric discharge machining, High pressure synthesis, Strong forming process, Combustion synthesis, etc.
E. Net Shaping:
Prototyping, Powder injection molding, Superplastic forming, Machining, Polishing, Fine-joining, etc.
F. Micromachining, Microprocessing:
Eching, Ashing, Grinding, Cutting, Lithography, Micro-tribology, Micro-machining, Micro bonding, Chemical-mechanical polishing, etc.
G. Materials Evaluation and Process Diagnosis:
Nondestructive testing, Quantitative nondestructive evaluation, Residual stress analysis, Sensing technology, Reliability evaluation, etc.
H. Process simulation:
Computer science and engineering, Process simulation tools, Intelligent processing, Artificial intelligent, etc.

VI.  Engineering Materials and Their Applications
Materials Development and Evaluation

A. Structural materials:
Structural materials (alloys, Intermetallics, Ceramics etc), Composites and bonding materials, Friction and wear materials, High-hardness materials, etc.
B. Electric and electronic materials and devices:
Superconducting materials, Electronic conducting materials, Semiconducting materials, Dielectric materials, Electrodes materials, elecronics packaging materials, Electron Emitting materials, Sensor materials, etc.
C. Magnetic materials and devices:
High-permiability materials, Permanent magnet materials, Magneto-resistance materials, Magnetic recording materials, Magneto-strictive materials, etc.
D. Optical materials and devices:
Optical crystal materials, Optical recording materials, Liquid crystalline materials, Optical fiber materials, a.
E. Heat and energy materials and devices:
Batteries materials, Thermoelectric materials ,Nuclear reactor materials, Hydrogen absorbing materials, Heat-conducting materials, Heat resistant materials, etc.
F. Materials for severe environments:
Corrosion resistant materials, Heat resistant materials, etc.
G. Biomaterials:
Biocompatible materials (Surgical implant materials, Artificial organ materials,etc.), Dental materials, etc.
H. Intelligent materials:
Shape memory alloys, Superelasticity alloys, Piezo-materials, Enviromental conscious materials, etc.
I. Other new materials:
Catalytic materials, Sporting-goods Materials, Anti-microbial materials, Damping materials, etc.
VII.  Environment
A. Environmental Assessment & Management:
Life Cycle Assessment, Resources Economics, Environment & Resources Policy, Environmental Liability of Materials, etc
B. Safety Management:
Product Liability, Materials Safety Assessment, Risk Management, Accident Analysis, etc
C. Materials Design & Eco-materials:
Recycling Oriented Design, Recycling Oriented Materials, Environment Oriented Materials, Disassembly Oriented Design, Long Life Design, Long Life Materials, Materials Saving Design, etc
D. Recycling:
Separation Process, Reutilization Process, Recycle Chemistry, Closed Process, Materials Recycling System, Resources Recycling System, Reutilization Marketing, etc
E. Pollution Control & Environmental Remediation:
Solid Waste Treatment, Waste Water Treatment, Waste Gases Treatment, Soil Remediation, etc