The Fourth Pacific Rim International Conference on

Advanced Materials and Processing

(PRICM4)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vol. I



*invited paper

Preface S. Hanada, Z. Zhong, S.W. Nam, R.N. Wright

Plenary Lectures

Grain Boundary Plasticity in Materials--from classical approach to modern quantum structure analysis--

T. Sakuma ·······1

Development of Ultra-Fine Steel in China

W. Yuqing ·······7

The Evolution of Primary Recrystallization Textures in Metals and Alloys

D. N. Lee ·······13

Integrated Nanotechnologies

T. A. Michalske and A. D. Romig, Jr. ·······2983

Amorphous, Quasicrystalline and Nanocrystalline Alloys

*Local Atomic Structures in Amorphous and Quasicrystalline Zr-Noble Metal Alloys by the Anomalous X-ray Scattering Method

T. Nakamura, E. Matsubara, M. Sakurai, J. Saida and A. Inoue ·······19

Mg-Based Bulk Glassy Alloys Produced by Water Quenching

K. Amiya and A. Inoue ·······23

Formation and High Mechanical Strength of New Cu-Based Bulk Glassy Alloys

A. Inoue, W. Zhang, T. Zhang and K. Kurosaka ·······27

Compositional Effect on the Glass-Forming Ability of Undercooled Pd-Cu-Ni-P Melts

N. Nishiyama and A. Inoue ·······31

Improvement of Glass Forming Ability of Ni-Zr-Ti Alloys by Addition of Si and Sn

J. K. Lee, W. T. Kim and D.-H. Kim ·······35

Amorphization of B2 Intermetallic Compound by Severe Plastic Deformation

K. Tsuchiya, H. Nakayama, Z.-G. Liu, M. Umemoto, K. Morii and T. Shimizu ·······39

Local Structural Study of Amorphous Fe70M10B20 (M=Cr, W, Nb, Zr and Hf) Alloys by the AXS and EXAFS Methods

T. Nakamura, M. Sakurai, E. Matsubara, A. Inoue and Y. Waseda ·······43

Local Structure Studies of Zr-Noble Metal Based Quasicrystals and Metallic Glasses by XAFS

M. Sakurai, T. Nakamura, E. Matsubara, J. Saida and A. Inoue ·······47

Crystallization Behaviour of Bulk Metallic Glasses By In-situ Neutron Diffraction

J.-L. Soubeyroux and N. Claret ·······51

In-situ X-ray Observation of Local Structural Change during Crystallization

T. Nishi, K. Uematsu, S. Sato, E. Matsubara, A. Inoue and Y. Waseda ·······55

Structural Study of Quasicrystallization in Zr-Pd and Zr-Pt Binary Glassy Alloys

M. Imafuku, M. Kitada, J. Saida, E. Matsubara and A. Inoue ·······59

*Nano Icosahedral Quasicrystals in Zr-Based Glassy Alloys

J. Saida, M. Matsushita and A. Inoue ·······63

Investigation of Metallic Glassy, Nanocrystalline and Nanoquasicrystalline Phases Formed in Hf-Based Alloys

D. V. Louzguine, M. S. Ko, S. Ranganathan and A. Inoue ·······67

*Structure Properties of Zn-Based Icosahedral Quasicrystals: Superlattice Ordering and Atomic Clusters

T. Ishimasa ·······71

Diffusion in Quasicrystalline Alloys

R. Galler and H. Mehrer ·······75

Effect of B Concentration on Phase Transformation of Fe-Zr-B Amorphous Alloys

T. Nagase and Y. Umakoshi ·······79

Formation and Orientation Control of Nano-Sized Crystals Precipitated in a Ni-P Amorphous Alloy

R. Tarumi, A. Ogura, K. Takashima and Y. Higo ·······83

Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behaviour of Fe70B20(Zr, Nb)10 Amorphous Alloys with a Wide Supercooled Liquid Region

L. Ma, T. Zhang and A. Inoue ·······87

Superplastic Deformation of Zr-Base Bulk Glassy Alloys with Dispersed Nano-Quasicrystalline Particles

S. Ishihara and A. Inoue ·······91

Mechanical Properties of P/M Al-Fe-Cr-Ti-Mm (Mm: Misch Metal) Alloys Containing Quasicrystalline Phase

H. Kimura, A. Inoue and K. Sasamori ·······95

Application of Quasicrystalline Particles as a Strengthening Phase in Mg-Zn-Y Alloys

D. H. Bae, S. H. Kim, W. T. Kim and D. H. Kim ·······99

*Synthesis and Properties of Bulk Amorphous and Quasicrystalline Zr-Ti/Nb-Al-Cu-Ni Alloys

J. Eckert, U. Kühn, U. Wolff and A. Gebert ·······103

Effect of Be Addition on Glass Forming Ability and Crystallization Behaviors in Amorphous Ti50Cu32Ni15Sn3 Alloy

Y. C. Kim, W. T. Kim and D. H. Kim ·······107

Influence of ZrC Dispersion on Viscous Flow Behavior of the Zr-Al-Ni-Cu Bulk Glassy Alloy

H. Kato, T. Hirano, A. Inoue, H. S. Chen and Y. Kawamura ·······111

Enhancement of Glass Forming Ability by Sn Addition and Plastic Deformation in Cu Based Bulk Metallic Glass

E. S. Park, H. K. Lim, D. H. Bae, W. T. Kim and D. H. Kim ·······115

The Effect of Substrate on the Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel

F. Ebrahimi, K. L. Morgan and Z. Ahmed ·······119

Bulk Glassy Fe65Co10Ga5P12C4B4 Alloys with High Glass-Forming Ability and Good Soft Magnetic Properties

B. Shen, H. Kimura, A. Inoue, H. Fukumura and T. Mizushima ·······123

Magnetic Properties of Amorphous-Fe/La and BCC-Fe/La Multilayers

Y. Kamada, A. Itho and M. Yamamoto ·······127

*Effect of P and Cu Additions on As-Quenched Structure and Soft Magnetic Properties of Fe-Nb-B Nanocrystalline Alloys

A. Makino, T. Bitoh, A. Inoue and T. Masumoto ·······131

Electrical Resistivity of Zr-Based Metallic Glasses

R. Tamura, K. Komatsu and S. Takeuchi ·······135

Internal Friction of Hydrogen-Doped Zr-Based Metallic Glasses

T. Yagi, R. Tamura and S. Takeuchi ·······139

Thermal Stabilities and Electrochemical Cyclic Life Properties of Rapidly Solidified Mg-Ni-Based Amorphous Alloys

S. Yamaura, H.-Y. Kim, H. Kimura and A. Inoue ·······143

The Structure and Martensitic Transformation of Nano-Sized Particles in Fe-Ni Films

Y. Rong, Q. Meng and T. Y. Hsu (Xu Zuyao) ·······147

Processing and Mechanical Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steels with Grain Refinement by Mechanical Milling

R. Ishibashi, H. Arakawa, H. Doi and Y. Aono ·······151

Formation of Nano-Sized Martensite Particles and Its Application to Fatigue Strengthening in an Austenitic Stainless Steel

T. Inamura, M. Shimojo, K. Takashima and Y. Higo ·······155

Alterations to Polyurethane Material by the Addition of Mechanically Alloyed Rubber

W. J. D. Shaw ·······159

Integrated Material System for Bulk Nanocrystalline Ceramics

H. Kimura ·······163

Microstructure and Properties of Nano WC-Co Cermets

O. Seo, G.-H. Lee and S. Kang ·······167

Nano-Structure Analysis of Polycrystallization in Amorphous Silicon on Si(100)

T. Fukaya, K. Kimura, K. Takahashi, T. Shibayama and H. Takahashi ·······171

Crystallization of Bulk Amorphous Si-C-N Ceramic Under High Pressure

L. Sun, Q. Wu, Y. Li, Z. Cao, L. Cao, J. Liu and Wenkui Wang ·······175

Biomaterials and Bioengineering

*Application of Vanadium-Free Titanium Alloys to Artificial Hip Joints

K. Maehara, K. Doi, T. Matsushita and Y. Sasaki ·······179

Development of Ti-15Zr-4Nb-4Ta Alloy with High Biological Compatibility

Y. Okazaki and E. Nishimura ·······183

Compositions of Surface Oxide Films on Titanium Alloys Regenerated in Hanks' Solution

T. Hanawa, S. Hiromoto, K. Asami and K. Asaoka ·······187

Studies on the Biocompatibility of Biomaterials: Effect of Various Types of Biomaterial Microspheres

R. Nakaoka and T. Tsuchiya ·······189

Corrosion Fatigue Properties of Implantable Alloy in Medium Solution

E. Nishimura and Y. Okazaki ·······193

Fatigue Properties Under Combined Stresses of Biomedical Titanium Alloys

H. Mochizuki, E. Kobayashi, H. Doi, T. Yoneyama, M. Otsuka and H. Hamanaka ·······197

Fatigue Characteristics of Biomedical New β type Titanium Alloy, Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr, Relating with Microstructure

M. Niinomi, T. Akahori, T. Maekawa, D. Kuroda, H. Fukui, A. Suzuki and J. Hasegawa ·······201

Fatigue Response of Three Biomedical Titanium Alloys to Fretting Under Flat-on-Flat Contact

H. Fukui, W. Yang, M. Niinomi, K. Fukunaga, T. Akahori and J. Hasegawa ·······205

Fretting Fatigue Characteristics of Biomedical New β Titanium Alloy, Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr

T. Akahori, M. Niinomi, T. Yabunaka, D. Kuroda, H. Fukui, A. Suzuki and J. Hasegawa ·······209

Influence of Aluminum Addition on Tensile Properties and Aging Behavior of Ti-Fe-Cr-Al Alloys

M. Ikeda, S. Komatsu, M. Ueda, T. Imose and K. Inoue ·······213

*Control of Crystallinity and Crystal Structure in Hydroxyapatite and Related Calcium Phosphates by Mechanical Grinding and Subsequent Heat-Treatment

Y. Umakoshi, T. Nakano and A. Tokumura ·······217

Raman Microprobe Analysis of Fracture in Synthetic and Natural Hydroxyapatite

S. Sakakura, A. Nakahira, S. F. M. Asmus and G. Pezzotti ·······221

Texture of Hydroxyapatite (HAp) Crystallites in Typical Biological Hard Tissues

T. Nakano, K. Kaibara, Y. Umakoshi and Y. Tabata ·······225

Fabrication of Hydroxyapatite/Ti Functionally Graded Implant by Underwater-Shock Compaction

A. Chiba, Y. Morizono and S. Kimura ·······229

Formation of Magnesium Apatite in Hank's Solution and Friction Behavior of Magnesium

H. Kuwahara, N. Mazaki and T. Aizawa ·······233

Hydroxyapatite/Polymer Hybrid Composites with Biomimetic Fracture Behavior

A. Nakahira, S. Asmus, S. Miki and G. Pezzotti ·······237

Microstructures of Titanium Alloys for Medical Implants after Nitrogen Ion Implantation

S. Fukumoto, K. Nakamura, H. Tsubakino, M. Terasawa, T. Mitamura and Y. Okazaki ·······241

Sintered Titanium Compacts with Biological Function as Biomaterials for Hard Tissue Replacement

K. Asaoka, M. Kon, D.-U. Park, A. Toyama and T. Araki ·······245

Processing and Mechanical Properties of Biocompatible Cancellous Titanium

C. Wen, Y. Yamada, K. Shimojima, Y. Chino, T. Asahina and M. Mabuchi ·······247

Corrosion Resistance and Cytocompatibility of W Short Fiber Reinforced Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

M. Koganemaru, Y. Okazaki, E. Nishimura, S. Nishida, K. Nakano, H. Tamasaki and Y. Yanagida ·······251

*Characterization of Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of Prototype Intravascular Stents

S. H. Hong, W. H. Sohn, J. W. Chung and J. H. Park ·······255

Nitinol Alloy as a Thermoseed in High Frequency Alternating Magnetic Field

K.-H. Lee, Y.-C. Kim, E.-W. Choi and S.-S. Youn ·······259

Interfacial Microstructure of Infrared Jointed Ti-6Al-7Nb Alloy with Ti-15Cu-25Ni Solder

E. Miura, I. Watanabe, K. Hisatsune and S. Hanada ·······261

Nanostructure Analysis on the Metal-Bond-Porcelain Using Titanium by TEM and EELS

Y. Tanaka, I. Watanabe, E. Miura, T. Shiraishi and K. Hisatsune ·······265

Dental Application of Ti-15Zr-4Nb-4Ta Alloy

Y. Okazaki ·······269

Electromagnetic Processing of Materials

Rcentt Activities and Prospect on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials in Japan

S. Asai ·······273

*Magnetic Levitation for Contactless Processing of Materials

E. Fourreaux and P. Gillon ·······277

Materials Processing Under Magnetic Levitation Condition

M. Motokawa, N. Kitamura, I. Mogi, M. Hamai, S. Awaji and K. Watanabe ·······281

*Texturing by Solidification in a Magnetic Field

R. F. Tournier, E. Beaugnon and S. Pavard ·······285

Effect of a High Magnetic Field on Monotectic Solidification

H. Yasuda, I. Ohnaka, O. Kawakami, M. Yamamoto, K. Ueno and K. Kishio ·······289

Grain Selection during Coarsening by a Magnetic Field

Y. Yamamoto, H. Yasuda, I. Ohnaka and K. Kishio ·······293

Control of Crystal Orientation in a Vapor-Deposition Process by Imposition of a High Magnetic Field

M. Tahashi, K. Sassa and S. Asai ·······297

Strengthening of Carbon Fibers in a Production Process with Imposition of a High Magnetic Field

M.-G. Sung, K. Sassa and S. Asai ·······301

Elimination of Inclusions in Molten Metal Using a High Magnetic Field

M.-k. Seo, N. Waki, Y. Chino, K. Sassa and S. Asai ·······305

Structural Control of Steels through Phase Transformations in High Magnetic Field

H. Ohtsuka, Y. Xu and H. Wada ·······309

Effect of Intense Magnetic Field on Electro-Deposition Phenomena

T. Kozuka and M. Kawahara ·······313

Magnetoelectropolymerized Polypyrrole Film Elecctrodes

I. Mogi, K. Watanabe and M. Motokawa ·······317

Combined Convection of Air in a Square Box Heated from One Vertical Side Wall Under the Magnetizing Force with Various Directional Combinations of Magnet Coils

R. Shigemitsu, T. Tagawa and H. Ozoe ·······321

Natural Convection in a Cubic Enclosure in a Uniform Magnetic Field

T. Tagawa and H. Ozoe ·······325

Electromagnetic Excitations of Compression Waves in a Liquid Metal and Its Industrial Applications

K. Iwai, S. Kawai, Q. Wang and S. Asai ·······329

Effects of Electromagnetic Vibrations on the Microstructure of Gray Iron

A. Radjai and K. Miwa ·······333

Effects of Magnetically-Induced Melt Flow on Microstructure Formation during Dolidification

N. Govindaraju and B. Q. Li ·······337

Mathematical Modeling of Melt Flow and Heat Transfer during Electromagnetic Processing of Light Metals

W. Song, N. Govindaraju, B. Q. Li and Y. Pang ·······341

Effects of DC Electric Field on Microstructure of Superalloy K417G

Y. Yang, W. Li, Z. Wang and Z. Hu ·······345

*Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Preparation of Materials

Y. Yang, W. Zhu and Z. Hu ·······349

Effect of Mechanical Stirring on Electromagnetic Separation of Inclusion Particles from Liquid Metal

K. Takahashi and S. Taniguchi ·······353

Migration Force Acting on Two Non-Conducting Particles in Conducting Liquid with Imposition of DC Electromagnetic Force

Y. Kubota, N. Yoshikawa and S. Taniguchi ·······357

Temperature Distribution Analysis of Electromagnetic Casting Systems Using a Cold Crucible by 3-D Finite Element Method

T. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawase and T. Nishimura ·······361

*Electromagnetic Confinement and Solidification Control of Ni-Base Superalloys Under Vacuum

H. Fu, J. Shen, Q. Hao, S. Li and J, Li ·······365

Development of a New Type Titanium Casting Technology/LEVICAST Process

N. Demukai ·······369

Flow Control of Molten Steel in the Continuous Casting Mold with Super-Conducting Magnets

Y. Kishimoto, T. Mochida, H. Iijima, S. Nara and S. Takeuchi ·······373

Numerical Estimation of the Effect of the Argon Gas Injection and Magnetic Field Application on the Motion of Inclution in Continuous Casting of Steel

B. Li, T. Okane and F. Tsukihashi ·······377

Solidification Characteristic of Cast Metal Under Alternate Electromagnetic Field

T. Li, X. Wang, B. Wen and J. Jin ·······381

Analysis and Experiment of Heat-Force Ratio in Electromagnetic Shaping Process with Dual- Frequency Coils

J. Shen, J. Yu, S. Li, H. Cao, L. Liu and H. Fu ·······385

Evolution of Semi-Solid Structure of Hypoeutectic White Cast Iron by Rheocasting

A. Wang, K. Qiu, X. Pan, Z. Yang, H. Zhang, B. Ding and Z. Hu ·······389

*An Evaluation of Spray Forming and Thermal Processing of a High Performance Superalloy

G. Zhang, Z. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, S. Xu and S. Tian ·······393

Hydrogen Absorbing Materials

*Hydrogen Absorbing Alloys for Automotive Use

K. Saito and T. Mouri ·······397

Theoretical Investigation of Superabundant Vacancy Formation

T. Mohri ·······401

Hydrogen-Induced Amorphization in bcc Ti-Al-Zr Compounds

Y. Miyajima, K. Ishikawa and K. Aoki ·······405

A Method for the Prediction of the Hydriding Thermodynamics of Ternary Pd-Based Alloys

D. F. Teter, M. E. Mauro and D. J. Thoma ·······409

Solubility and Diffusivity of Protium in Internally Nitrided Iron Alloys

H. Miyamura, K. Hirai, K. Hirose and S. Kikuchi ·······413

In-situ HRTEM Observations of Hydrogen-Absorption Materials Exposed to Hydrogen Gas

N. Tanaka, T. Kubota and K. Tanaka ·······417

Molecular Orbital Calculation for Hydrogen Induced State of Titanium

K. Hayashi, S. T. Nakagawa, Y. Mizuno, A. Tanaka and T. Homma ·······421

Towards Fabrication of New Functional Multilayers by Hydrogenation

Y. Kamada, D. Takama, A. Itoh, H. Naka and M. Yamamoto ·······425

Microstructure-Hydrogen Sorption Property Relationships in LaNi5-Based Alloys

H. Inui, T. Yamamoto and M. Yamaguchi ·······429

Protium Diffusion in α and β Phases of LaNi5-H Alloy Studied by Desorption Method

K. Asano, Y. Yamazaki and Y. Iijima ·······433

Effect of Vacancies on Residual Hydrogen Content in LaNi5

K. Sakaki, H. Araki and Y. Shirai ·······437

Elastic Properties of LaNi5-Based Compounds

K. Tanaka, S. Okazaki, Y. Watayo, H. Inui, M. Yamaguchi and M. Koiwa ·······441

First-Principles Study of LaNi5-H Solid Solutions and its Hydrides

K. Tatsumi, I. Tanaka, H. Inui, K. Tanaka, M. Yamaguchi and H. Adachi ·······445

Noticeable Hydrogen Storage, Structual and Optical Properties in Multi-Layered Pd/Mg Thin Films

H. Fujii, K. Higuchi, K. Yamamoto, H. Kajioka, S. Orimo and K. Toiyama ·······449

Hydriding-Dehydriding Properties and Microstructures of Mg-Rich Mg-Ni-RE Alloys

J. Yin and K. Tanaka ·······453

Hydrogen Storage of Mg-Containing Carbon Nanocomposites Obtained by High Energy Ball Milling

H. Imamura, S. Tabata, N. Shigetomi, M. Matsumoto, K. Masanari and Y. Sakata ·······457

Hydrogenation of MgNi2 by rf-Discharged Hydrogen Plasma

Y. Hatano and K. Watanabe ·······461

Surface Modification of Amorphous MgNi Electrodes

T. Abe, S. Inoue, D. Mu, Y. Hatano and K. Watanabe ·······465

Hydriding Combustion Synthesis of Mg2NiH4 from Powder Mixture

T. Akiyama, L. Li and J. Yagi ·······469

*The Effect of Filamentary Ni Powder on the Performances of Proto-Type Ni/MH Battery Using Zr-Based Hydrogen Storage Alloy Electrode

S.-M. Lee, J.-H. Kim and J.-Y. Lee ·······473

Hydrogen Absorption Properties of Uranium-Zirconium Alloys

M. Shuai, Y. Su, P. Zhao, J. Zou and S. Wu ·······477

Effect of Surface Modification by Ion-Implantation on Hydrogenation Property in TiFe Alloy

M. Ohkawa, S. Sawada, T. Suda, S. Watanabe, S. Ohnuki and S. Nagata ·······481

Microstructure-Hydrogen Property Relationships in TiMn2-Based Alloys

T. Matsuura, T. Yamamoto, H. Inui and M. Yamaguchi ·······485

In-Situ Observation of Initial Hydride Formation in Zirconium Alloys Modified by Ion-Implantation and Ion-Mixing

T. Suda, R. Kobayashi, S. Watanabe and S. Ohnuki ·······489

Investigation of the Occurrence of New Ternary Manganese Based Hydrides by Gigapascal High Pressure Thermal Treatment

D. Kyoi, E. Ronnebro, J. Chen, N. Kitamura, T. Sakai and H. Nagai ·······493

Hydrogenation of Quasicrytalline Powders Prepared by Mechanical Alloying

A. Takasaki, Y. Furuya and K. F. Kelton ·······497

*Pore Structure and Hydrogen Storage of Carbon Nanotubes

H. Zhu, X. Li, A. Cao, C. Xu, Z. Mao, J. Liang and D. Wu ·······501

Analysis of Hydrogen Storage Properties in Carbon Nanotube Using the Hydrogen Thermal Desorption Technique

H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, Y. S. Kang and J.-Y. Lee ·······505

Synthesis and Protium Absorbing Properties of VGCF Grown by Fe-Based Catalyst

H. Kudo, K. Unno, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······509

Alloying Effects on the Stability of Vanadium Hydrides, V2H, VH and VH2

H. Yukawa, S. Yamaguchi, A. Teshima, D. Yamashita, S. Ito, M. Takagi and M. Morinaga ·······513

Hydriding Property and Microstructure of Ti-Mn-V Based Laves Phase Alloy

Y. Shudo, F. Takahashi, T. Ebisawa, T. Shibayama and H. Takahashi ·······517

Microstructure of Titanium Based BCC Hydrogen Absorbing Alloys

H. Enoki, Y. Nakamura and E. Akiba ·······521

Protium Absorption Properties of Ti-Cr-V-Mn Alloys in Low Pressure Regions

T. Tamura, M. Hatakeyama, T. Ebinuma, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······525

Cyclic Properties of Protium Absorption-Desorption Properties of Ti-Cr-V Alloys

K. Shirasaki, T. Tamura, T. Kuriiwa, T. Goto, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······529

Observation of Hydrogen Distribution in V-Cr-Ti Hydrogen Absorption Alloy by Tritium Radioluminography

H. Homma, H. Saitoh, T. Misawa and T. Ohnishi ·······533

Behavior of Hydrogen in V-Zr-Ti-Ni Alloys with BCC/Laves Two-Phase Structure by Tritium Radioluminography

H. Saitoh, H. Homma, T. Misawa and T. Ohnishi ·······537

Dependence of Fabrication Processes on the Hydrogen Absorbing Properties of Ti-Cr-V BCC Alloys

S. Yamashia, T. Chou, A. Matsukawa and T. Sano ·······541

Grain Boundaries, Interfaces, Defects and Localized Quantum Structures

First Principles Calculations of Oxygen-Vacancies in Oxides

I. Tanaka, F. Oba, K. Tatsumi, M. Nakano and H. Adachi ·······545

First-Principles Calculation of Multiplet Effects in Transition-Metal L 2,3-Edge ELNES

K. Ogasawara, T. Iwata, T. Ishii, I. Tanaka and H. Adachi ·······549

Local Structural Analysis around Zn in MgO-ZnO Solid Solution Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

T. Mizoguchi, M. Yoshiya, I. Tanaka, H. Adachi, S-D. Mo, W. Y. Ching, T. Yoshida and H. Yoshida ·······551

Interaction of Co Impurities and Native Defects in ZnO

F. Oba, T. Yamamoto, Y. Ikuhara, I. Tanaka and H. Adachi ·······555

*First Principles Studies of Localized Defects and Materials Properties

J. D. Gale, V. D.-Vila, S. Fletcher, E. Artacho, A. García, P. Ordejón, D. S.-Portal, J. M. Soler ·······559

Local Electronic Structures and Chemical Bonding in Proton Conducting Perovskite-Type Oxide, SrZrO3

M. Yoshino, E. Mutiara, K. Kato, H. Yukawa and M. Morinaga ·······563

Development of X-ray Fluorescence Holography Method for Determination of Local Atomic Environment

K. Hayashi, Y. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, S. Kishimoto, T. Mori, M. Tanaka, S. Hayakawa and M. Suzuki ·······567

*Perturbed Angular Correlation Study of Localized States in Solids

S. Nasu, T. Ohtomo, K. Baba and S. Morimoto ·······571

Application of TDPAC (A Nuclear Method) to Ferroelectric Materials Research

Y. Ohkubo, Y. Murakami, T. Saito, A. Yokoyama, S. Uehara and Y. Kawase ·······575

Theoretical Calculation of Positron Lifetimes in Intermetallic Compounds

M. Mizuno, D. Nakamura, H. Araki and Y. Shirai ·······579

Relativistic Multiplet Calculations of Absorption Spectra for Rare-Earth-Based Solid-State Laser Materials

K. Fujimura, T. Tohei, T. Ishii, K. Ogasawara, I. Tanaka and H. Adachi ·······583

Migration Energy of Lithium Ions by First Principles Calculations

Y. Yamada, Y. Koyama, I. Tanaka, S. R. Nishitani, H. Adachi and Y. Kowada ·······587

Feasibility Study of Determination of Local Lattice Distortion by X-ray Fluorescence Holography

Y. Takahashi, K. Hayashi and E. Matsubara ·······591

140Ce TDPAC of CeRu2Ge2

T. Ohtomo, S. Nasu, K. Baba, Y. Onuki, Y. Kawase and T. Saito ·······595

111Cd Time Differential Perturbed Angular Correlation (TDPAC) Study of Fe, Co and Ni

K. Baba, S. Nasu, T. Ohtomo, S. Morimoto and T. Saito ·······597

Anomalous Vacancy-Generation during Ordering Transformation of Ni3Fe Studied by Positron Lifetime Spectroscopy

P. Chalermkarnnon, H. Araki and Y. Shirai ·······599

Creation of a Ferromagnetic Layer in CaB6 by an RI Beam-Implantation Technique

M. Tanigaki, Y. Ohkubo, A. Taniguchi, Y. Kawase and T. Sasanuma ·······603

Growth of Single Crystalline Films of Fe4+-Oxides: From the Viewpoint of Defect Chemistry

N. Hayashi, T. Terashima and M. Takano ·······607

*Local Electronic Structures and Chemical Bonding in Hydrogen Storage Alloys

M. Morinaga and H. Yukawa ·······611

*First Principles Calculations of Cathode Materials for Lithium Batteries

Y. Koyama, I. Tanaka and H. Adachi ·······615

Electronic Structures of Lithium Absorbed in Carbon Nanotubes

Y. Liu, T. Akamatsu, H. Yukawa and M. Morinaga ·······619

Critical Dimensions for YBCO Islands Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition

C. M. Gilmore and J. Kim ·······623

*Preparation of C60 and Sulfur Compound for Development of New Photocatalyses

H. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, N. Sato, S. Matsubara, M. Shiro, K. Shinoda, A. Muramatsu and K. Tohji ·······627

Local Quantum Structure and Photocatalytic Property in ZnS Films

K. Shinoda, K. Tohji, H. Takahashi, A. Muramatsu, N. Sato and E. Matsubara ·······631

Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy of Conductive Hard Carbon Films Prepared by Electron- Cyclotron-Resonance Plasma Sputtering

Y. Murooka, N. Tanaka, S. Hirono and M. Hibino ·······635

Microstructure Characterization of LiNb0.5O3 Films Deposited on Sapphire Substrates by Thermal Plasma Spray CVD

J. Shibata, Y. Ikuhara, S. A. Kulinich, H. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Terashima and T. Yoshida ·······639

Local Atomic Structural Study in Electrodeposited Mo-Ni Alloys

T. Sato, H. Takahashi, A. Muramatsu and E. Matsubara ·······643

Synthesis of Fullerenes/Sulfur Compounds

H. Takahashi, N. Sato, A. Muramatsu, S. Matsubara, K. Tohji and E. Matsubara ·······647

First-Principles Study of the Mechanical Properties of Ceramic Interfaces

M. Kohyama ·······651

First-Principles Study of 3C-SiC/Ti Polar Interfaces

S. Tanaka (SWING) and M. Kohyama ·······655

Effects of Environmental Dependency on Al Grain Boundary Energy Calculation

S. R. Nishitani, S. Ohgushi, I. Tanaka, A. Otsuki and H. Adachi ·······659

Application of Tight-Binding and Path Probability Methods to the Atomistic Properties of the Artificial Superlattices

K. Masuda-Jindo and R. Kikuchi ·······663

*Grain Boundary and Localized Quantum Structures in Structural Ceramics

T. Sakuma, H. Yoshida and Y. Ikuhara ·······667

*Towards the Application of Ab-initio ELNES/XANES Spectral Calculation to Grain Boundaries and Interfaces.

W.-Y. Ching, S.-D. Mo, Y. Chen and P. Rulis ·······671

Electrical Properties in Nb-Doped SrTiO3 Bicrystals

T. Yamamoto, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······675

Atomic Structure and Segregation of [110] Symmetric Tilt Grain Boundaries in Cubic Zirconia Bicrystals

N. Shibatas, T. Yamamoto, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······679

Interfacial Structure of CVD TiC/Alumina Multilayers

C. Ruberto, M. Halvarsson and S. Ruppi ·······683

Atomic and Electronic Structures of TiO2 and Au/TiO2 Interfaces

K. Okazaki, M. Kohyama, S. Tanaka (SWING), K. Tanaka and M. Haruta ·······687

Structure Analysis of GaN Thin Film with Inversion Domains by HVARM

C. Iwamoto, X. Q. Shen, H. Okumura, H. Matuhata and Y. Ikuhara ·······691

Basal Slip and Dislocation Structure in Sapphire

A. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto and Y. Ikuhara ·······695

Prediction of Interface Boundaries in a BCC/HCP System by Three Dimensional Near-Coincidence Site Lattice Modeling

N. Miyano, H. Fujiwara, K. Ameyama and G. C. Weatherly ·······699

Interfacial FCC to 9R Reconstruction through Dislocation Emission at a 90 Degree 〈110〉 Tilt Boundary in Gold.

D. L. Medlin, S. M. Foiles and D. Cohen ·······703

*Ceramic Interfaces at Sub-Nanometer Scale

H. Gu ·······705

Role of Grain Boundaries in High T c Superconductors

C. S. Pande and O. P. Arora ·······709

Internal Friction Analysis of Cation-Doped Silicon Carbides

H. Nishimura, Y. Ikuhara, K. Ota and G. Pezzotti ·······713

Rheological Behavior of Silicon Nitride and Silicon Carbide Polycrystals with Si-O-C-N Glass at Grain Boundaries

H. Nishimura, K. Ota and G. Pezzotti ·······717

Interface Structure of Metallic Strained Epitaxial Superlattices

T. Kingetsu, Y. Kamada and M. Yamamoto ·······721

Structure, Energy and Strength of [001] Symmetric Tilt Boundaries in Zirconia Bicrystals

N. Morishige, N. Shibata, T. Yamamoto and Y. Ikuhara ·······725

Interface Structures in NdBCO/MgO and YBCO/MgO Superconducting Films Grown by LPE Method

T. Murata, J. Shibata, T. Yamamoto, Y. Sugawara, K. Nomura, T. Izumi, Y. Shiohara and Y. Ikuhara ·······729

Internal Friction Behavior of Alumina Polycrystals with Engineered Grain Boundaries

K. Nakagawa, G. Pezzotti, K. Ota, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······733

Effect of Chemical Bonding State on Grain Boundary Fracture of 3Y-TZP

S. Yokota, A. Kuwabara, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······737

Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of the Phase Decomposition in ZrO2-YO1.5 System

M. Doi, T. Koyama and T. Kozakai ·······741

Study of Grain Boundary Migration in Alumina

J. K. Farrer, N. Ravishankar, J. R. Michael and C. B. Carter ·······745

Grain Boundary Sliding and Atomic Structure in Alumina Bicrystal

T. Watanabe, H. Yoshida, Y. Ikuhara, T. Sakuma, H. Muto and M. Sakai ·······749

Effects of Small Additional Elements on Nano-Structural Evolution in Crept

Y. Yano, Y. Yoshida, T. Shibayama and H. Takahashi ·······753

*The Effects of Grain Boundary Properties on Microstructural Evolution: Discontinuous Subgrain Growth

E. A. Holm, M. A. Miodownik and G. N. Hassold ·······757

*Effect of External Electric Field on the Boundary Migration of Al2O3 Ceramics

J.-H. Han and D.-Y. Kim ·······761

Coupled Simulations of Deformation and Grain Growth

C. C. Battaile, T. E. Buccheit, G. W. Wellman, M. K. Neislen and E. A. Holm ·······763

*Grain Boundary Character Distribution of Zirconium Grain-Refined by Equal Channel Angular Pressing

S. Yu, J. Chung, H. Ryoo, M. Kim, D. Shin and S. K. Hwang ·······767

Structural Analysis of Grain Boundaries in Pure Aluminum Produced By ECAP

I. Kim, W. S. Jung, J. Kim and D. H. Shin ·······771

A δ-Function Model of Facets

T. Xin and H. Wong ·······775

Effect of Grain Boundary Character on Grain Boundary Dynamics

D. A. Molodov ·······779

Effect of Substrate Temperature on the Surface Morphology and Interface Structure of PtSi/p-Si

J. Yin, Y. Zheng, W. Cai, P. Wang, L. Zhao ·······783

Properties and Microstructure of Pure Al Powder Compacts Using Spark Plasma Sintering

G. Xie, O. Ohashi, M. Song, K. Furuya and T. Noda ·······787

Contact Mechanism and Bond Formation of Al/glass Anodic Bonding

Q. F. Xing, G. Sasaki and H. Fukunaga ·······791

Embittlement of Cu [011] Symmetric Tilt Boundaries Induced by Sb Segregation

R. Monzen, T. Kuze, O. Matsuda and H. Miura ·······795

Misorientation Dependence of Discontinuous Precipitation Reaction at [001] Twist Boundaries in a Cu--0.75 mass% Be Alloy

R. Monzen, K. Kita and H. Shigehara ·······799

The High-Temperature Creep Resistance in Trivalent Cation Co-Doped Alumina

T. Ishii, H. Yoshida, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······803

Surface Gradient Layer on Al-Si Alloy Through Multiple Laser Treatments

X. Cai and T. Zhao ·······807

Intermetallics

*Overview of the Effects of Testing Environment on the Mechanical Properties of FeAl

I. Baker, D. Wu, M. Wittmann and E. P. George ·······811

The Effect of Boron on the Yield Strength Anomaly in FeAl Single Crystals

E. P. George, D. M. Wu, E. H. Lee and I. Baker ·······815

Composite Steel Based on Iron Aluminides

N. Masahashi, N. Kondo, S. Watanabe and S. Hanada ·······819

Time and Orientation Dependence of the Ferromagnetism in Plastically Strained FeAl Single Crystals

D. Wu, P. Munroe and I. Baker ·······823

Investigation of Fe2AlX Compounds with the L21-Structure

M. W. Wittmann, S. L. Johns, V. N. Durand and I. Baker ·······827

The Elevated Temperature Tensile Properties of NiAl-Cr(Zr) Multiphase Intermetallic Alloy

J. Guo, Y. Qi, C. Cui, G. Li and Q. Tai ·······831

Mechanically Synthesis, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of NiAl-Based Composites

F. Yang, J. Guo, G. Li and J. Zhou ·······835

Evolution of the Microstructure Change of the Ni-19Si-3Nb-0.15B Intermetallic Alloy by Heat Treatment

J. S. C. Jang and L. J. Chang ·······839

Constitutional Vacancies in CoAl Studied by Positron Lifetime Spectroscopy

H. Araki, T. Mimura, P. Chalermkarnnon, M. Mizuno and Y. Shirai ·······843

Accelerated Coarsening of Disordered γ Precipitates in an Elastically Constrained Ni-Al-Ti Alloy

T. Maebashi, T. Koyama and M. Doi ·······847

Feasibility of NiAl Padding and Welding by SHS Reaction between Powder and Droplets

K. Matsuura, T. Koyanagi, M. Kudoh, J.-H. Oh, S. Kirihara and Y. Miyamoto ·······851

Intrinsic Diffusion and Diffusion Mechanisms in the B2-NiAl Phase

R. Nakamura, Y. Yamazaki and Y. Iijima ·······855

Control of Microstructure and Crystal Orientation Distribution in NiAl-Based (β/γ') Two Phase Alloys by Thermomechanical Processing

T. Sakata, H. Y. Yasuda and Y. Umakoshi ·······859

The Effect of Rapid Solidification Processing and Cu Macroalloying Additions to NiAl Alloys

B. Campillo, O. Alvarez, C. Gonzalez, R. Perez and J. A. Juarez-Islas ·······863

Microstructures in Cold-Rolled Thin Foils of Ni3Al

K. Kishida, M. Demura, T. Hirano and Y. Suga ·······867

Effects of Ternary Additions on the Mechanical Properties and Oxidation Behavior of Cast Ni3Al Based Alloys

S. Li, D. Feng and H. Luo ·······871

*Advances in the Development and Processing of Titanium Aluminide Alloys

F. Appel, H. Clemens, U. Lorenz, M. Oehring and J. D. H. Paul ·······875

Thermal Stability of a Fully Lamellar γ-TiAl Based Alloy

M. Beschliesser, A. Lorich, H. Kestler, H. Clemens and F. Jeglitsch ·······879

Manufacturing and Properties of TiAl Components Used for Aircraft Engine

J. Li, S. Li, J. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Ma, D. Zou and Z. Zhong ·······883

*Application Research of Ti-Al-Nb Intermetallic Compound Alloys

S. Li, J. Zhang, D. Zou, J. Li, Z. Zhong, H. Zhu, Z. Li and G. Hou ·······887

Observation of Localized Dislocations Near Fracture Surface in Cr Doped γ-TiAl

K. Hashimoto and Y. Takei ·······891

Effect of Ball Milling on Annealing Processes in Extra-Fast Solidified Ti-Al-Mo Alloy Powders

S. Hata, T. Yoshida, N. Kuwano and K. Oki ·······895

Synthesis of Ti-Based Intermetallic Compound and the Composites Using Underwater Shock Compression Technique

K. Hokamoto, J.-S. Lee, Y. Suwa, S. Itoh, R. Tomoshige and M. Fujita ·······899

Computer Simulation of the Phase Decomposition in Al-Rich TiAl Intermetallic Compound Based on the Phase Field Method.

T. Koyama, M. Doi and S. Naito ·······903

Constraint Deformation of TiAl PST Crystals

T. Morita, H. Inui and M. Yamaguchi ·······907

Effect of Microstructure on Time-Dependent Hydrogen Absorption in Ti-22Al-27Nb Alloys

Y. Okabe, K. Ito, L. T. Zhang, V. K. Vasudevan and M. Yamaguchi ·······911

Creep Deformation of Directionally-Solidified TiAl-Based Alloys with Aligned Lamellar Microstructures

Y. Omiya, S. Muto, T. Yamanaka, D. R. Johnson, H. Inui and M. Yamaguchi ·······915

Orientation Control of Lamellar Mictrostructure in TiAl Intermetallic Compound by Reactive Diffusion of Aluminum and Textured Titanium Foils and High-Temperature Deformation

H. Fukutomi, K. Matsumura, K.-S. Park and S. Kikuchi ·······919

On the Transformation Kinetics of β→ζ Reaction in a Ti45Al2Cr1Si Alloy

J.-K. Park, C.-Y. Lee, S.-K. Kim and M.-S. Oh ·······923

Long-Term Oxidation Properties of Al-Ti-Cr Two-Phase Alloys as Coating Materials for TiAl Alloy

J.-K. Lee, H.-N. Lee, M.-H. Oh and D.-M. Wee ·······927

The Investigation of α2 Phase Transformation Controlled Creep Deformation Mechanism in the Lamellar TiAl Alloy

S. J. Yang and S. W. Nam ·······931

Reactive Sintering and Mechanical Properties of Fully Lamellar TiAl-Mn Based Intermetallics by Vacuum Hot Pressing

S.-H. Yang, M.-S. Kim and A. Chiba ·······935

Fabrication of TiAl-Mn Intermetallic Compounds by Reactive Electro-Pressure Sintering

S.-H. Yang and M.-S. Kim ·······939

Electronic Simulations of TiAl-Based Intermetallics-Alloying Effects

Z. X. Guo, Y. Song and R. Yang ·······943

Advances in Cubic Titanium Trialuminide Intermetallics

R. A. Varin, T. Czujko and L. Zbroniec ·······947

Producion of Aluminum-Based L12 Compounds and Their Mechanical Properties

S. Ogawa, D. Tanda, T. Ijuin, S. Ikoma, T. Muro and S. Takeuchi ·······951

The Effect of Heat-Treatment on Microstructures of Nb/Nb5Si3 in situ Composite

S. Qu, R. Wang and Y. Han ·······955

Pseud-Superplastic Deformation of a TiC/Ti5Si3 NANO Grain Composite Produced by Non- Equilibrium PM Process

K. Tagaya, Y. Suehiro and K. Ameyama ·······959

Microstructure and Mechanical Property of Nbss/Nb5Si3 in-situ Composites Alloyed with Molybdenum

W.-Y. Kim, H. Tanaka, A. Kasama, R. Tanaka and S. Hanada ·······963

Crystal Structure and Some Physical Properties of Defect Disilicide Formed with Re

K. Kuwabara, H. Hoshikawa, K. Tanaka, H. Inui and M. Yamaguchi ·······967

Design of Mo-Si-B-O Pseudo In-situ Composites for High Temperature Applications

S. Nakatani, K. Yoshimi, S. Hanada, S.-H. Ko and Y.-H. Park ·······971

Analysis of Protective Oxide Scale on Mo5SiB2-Based Alloy Oxidized at High Temperature

K. Yoshimi, S. Hanada and E. Aoyagi ·······975

Diffusion of 71Ge and 99Mo in Molybdenum Disilicide

M. Salamon, K. Ito, M. Yamaguchi and H. Mehrer ·······979

Directional Solidification of Cr-Si Alloys

Å. K. Jämting, L. Heatherly, E. P. George and G. M. Pharr ·······983

Synthesis of Single Crystals and Some Physical Properties of Boron Carbide

N. Okamoto, H. Inui and M. Yamaguchi ·······987

Thermal Conductivity of Intermetallic Compounds with Ternary Additions

Y. Terada, T. Mohri and T. Suzuki ·······991

The Effect of Stoichiometry in C15 HfCo2

D. J. Thoma, K. C. Chen, M. I. Baskes and E. J. Peterson ·······995

Deformation of Hydrogen-Absorbing Intermetallic Compounds

H. Inui, T. Yamamoto, M. Hirota and M. Yamaguchi ·······999

Lead-Free Electronics Packaging

*Status of Pb-Free Soldering Development at Hitachi and in the IMS Project

K. Serizawa, M. Okamoto, H. Shimokawa, T. Nakatsuka, T. Soga and A. Nakano ·······1003

Lead-Free Solder Assembly for Automotive Alternators

T.-Y. Pan, S. C. White, E. L. Lutz ·······1007

*The Development and Trends of Lead-Free Solders in China

J. Ma ·······1011

High Performance Pb-Free Solder for Wave Soldering

J. Murai, G. Izuta, Y. Sakagami and K. Murakami ·······1015

*High Temperature Leed-Free Solder for Microelectronics

F. W. Gayle, A. Syed, J. Badgett, G. Whitten, T.-Y. Pan, A. Grusd, B. Bauer, R. Lathrop, J. Slattery, I. Anderson, J. Foley, A. Gickler, D. Napp, J. Mather, C. Olson and G. Becka ·······1019

Alloying Effects in Near-Eutectic Tin-Silver-Copper Solder Joints

I. E. Anderson, J. C. Foley, B. A. Cook, J. Harringa, R. L. Terpstra and O. Unal ·······1023

Effects of Impurities on Solderability of Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu Lead-Free Solder

N. Katayama, H. Tanaka, M. Akanuma, M. Miyazaki, S. Nomura, T. Takei and T. Takemoto ·······1027

The Effect of Cu Addition to Sn-3.5Ag Solder Joint

W. K. Choi, S. W. Jeong and H. M. Lee ·······1031

The Effect of Oxygen Concentration on the Comparative Solderability of Eutectic Sn/Ag/Cu and Sn/Pb

S. M. Adams and P. F. Stratton ·······1035

SnAgCu: Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties

O. Fouassier, J. Chazelas and J.-F. Silvain ·······1039

Effect of Cooling Rate on Microstructure and Strength Properties of Tin-Silver-Copper Solder Ball Bonding

K. Noguchi, M. Ikeda, I. Shimizu and Y. Ohno ·······1043

Strenght of Solder Joints with Lead-Free Sn-Ag and Sn-Bi Alloys

S. Kikuchi, M. Nishimura and I. Nakajima ·······1047

Effect of Alloying Additives on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Alloys

K.-S. Kim, S.-H. Huh and K. Suganuma ·······1051

Reliability Assessment for Micro Lead -Free Solder Joints in Electronics Package

Q. Yu ·······1055

*Reliability of Reflow-Soldered Microjoints with Lead Free Solders

A. Hirose, T. Fujii, T. Imamura and K. F. Kobayashi ·······1059

Microstructure and Reliabilty of BGA Joint Using Lead Free Solders

K. Uenishi, T. Saeki, Y. Kohara, M. Nishiura and K. F. Kobayashi ·······1063

Mechanical Properties of Sn-Based Solders at Temperatures between 223 and 398K

T. Narita, J. Tanaka, X. Han, T. Takashima, H. Shimokawa, M. Okamoto and K. Serizawa ·······1067

Thermal Fatigue Damage of Lead-Free Soldered Through-Hole Circuit

S.-H. Huh, K.-S. Kim and K. Suganuma ·······1071

Microstructural Evolution in Pb-Free Solder Microjoints

J. W. Morris Jr., H. G. Song and Y. H. Kim ·······1075

*The Alloy Design of the Pb-Free High-Temperature Solder System

J. H. Kim and H. M. Lee ·······1079

Thermodynamic Calculation of Phase Equilibria in the In-Ag-X (X=Bi, Sb) System

X. J. Liu, I. Ohnuma, R. Kainuma and K. Ishida ·······1083

The Effect of Ni Addition on the Properties and Production Performance of Sn-Cu Alloys as Lead-Free Solder

T. Nishimura, S. Suenaga and M. Ikeda ·······1087

Coupled Zone in Sn-Ag Binary Alloys

H. Esaka, M. Tsuji, M. Tamura and K. Shinozuka ·······1091

A Study on the Novel Lead-Free Solder Alloy

L. Huang, J. S. Ma, G. Chen, Z. Geng and H. Ning ·······1095

Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Sn-Ag-Bi Pb-Free Solder

H. Shimokawa, T. Soga, T. Nakatsuka and K. Serizawa ·······1099

Study on the Sn-Pb and Sn-Ag Electroplating for Bump Formation in Flip Chip Application

H. Hwang, S.-M. Hong, C.-S. Kang and J.-P. Jung ·······1103

Influence of Bi Addition on Joint Strength between Electrode and Sn-3Ag Lead-Free Solder

C.-W. Hwang and K. Suganuma ·······1107

Mechanical Properties of Eutectic Sn-Bi Lead-Free Solder with Ag Addition

T. Sakai and K. Suganuma ·······1111

The Formation of Whiskers on Electroplated Tin Containing Copper

K.-W. Moon, M. E. Williams, C. E. Johnson, G. R. Stafford, C. A. Handwerker and W. J. Boettinger ·······1115

Role of Electrode Potential in Wetting of Lead-Free Solders

T. Takemoto and T. Funaki ·······1119

Interpretation of Dynamic Wetting Behavior in the Wetting Balance Method by Numerical Simulation

J. W. Han, J. Y. Park, H. K. Lee, D. H. Kam, C. S. Kang ·······1123

Analysis of the Reaction between Sn-Ag Solder and Ni40Fe/Cu/Ta/Si Under Bump Metallization for Flip Chip Application

J. S. Ha, J. Y. Park, C. W. Yang, S. H. Um, C. U. Kim, C. S. Kang and J. P. Jung ·······1127

Preparation of High Grade Monosized Particles of Lead-Free Solder Alloys

A. Kawasaki, Y. Kobayashi, K. Ichiki, Y. S. Kang and R. Watanabe ·······1131

Transformation of Lead-Free Solder Made of High Purity Tin at Low Temperature

Y. J. Joo and T. Takemoto ·······1135

Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys

*Secondary Deformation Modes and Generalized Plasticity in Magnesium and Its Solid Solution Alloys

S. R. Agnew, J. A. Horton and M. H. Yoo ·······1139

Slip Deformation Behavior by Non-Basal Slips in Magnesium Alloys

S. Ando, Y. Kawamura and H. Tonda ·······1143

Generalized Stacking Fault Energy and Dislocation Behavior on Prismatic Plane in Magnesium: a First-Principles Study

T. Uesugi, M. Kohyama, M. Kohzu and K. Higashi ·······1147

Plastic Deformation of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy at Low to High Temperature

R. Kaibyshev, T. Sakai, H. Miura, O. Sitdikov and A. Galiyev ·······1151

Effect of Stressing Direction in Compression and Tensile Creep Behavior of Magnesium-Aluminum Solid Solution Alloys at around 600K

H. Sato, K. Sawada, K. Maruyama and H. Oikawa ·······1155

Creep Behavior and Fracture of Mg-Al Alloy under a Condition of Constant Stress

K. Ishikawa, F. Ishikawa, K. Kido and Y. Kobayashi ·······1159

Effects of Initial Microstructure on Creep Behavior of Precipitation-Hardened Mg-Y Alloys at 530K

M. Suzuki, T. Kimura, H. Sato, J. Koike, K. Maruyama and H. Oikawa ·······1163

Creep Properties of Conventional Magnesium Diecasting Alloys

S. Kamado, I. A. Anyanwu, Y. Oshima and Y. Kojima ·······1167

Development of Rapidly Solidified Powder Matallurgy Magnesium Alloys with Excellent Yield Strength above 600 MPa

Y. Kawamura, Kentaro Hayashi, J. Koike and A. Inoue ·······1171

Development of Heat Resistant Magnesium Alloys for Automotive Powertrain Parts

S. Kamado, I. A. Anyanwu, S. Nozawa, Y. Kojima, S. Takeda and T. Ishida ·······1175

*Strength and Ductility of Mg Alloys

J. Koike ·······1179

Ductility Enhancement of Commercial Magnesium Alloys by Controlling Grain Structures

T. Mukai, H. Watanabe, K. Ishikawa and K. Higashi ·······1183

Equal Channel Angular Pressing of Mg Alloys; Processing, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties

S.-Y. Chang, D. H. Shin, H. Tezuka and T. Sato ·······1187

Grain Refining of Mg-Li-Zn Alloys by ECAE Process and Their Tensile Properties

Y. Yoshida, H. Yamada, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1191

Microstructures and Tensile Properties of Grain-Refined Wrought Magnesium Alloys

Y. Yoshida, H. Yamada, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1195

New Grain Refiner for Mg-Al-Zn Alloys

T. Motegi, E. Yano and Y. Tamura ·······1199

Characterisation of Primary Intermetallic Phases in a Mg-Zn-Al Casting Alloy

L. Bourgeois, C. L. Mendis, B. C. Muddle and J.-F. Nie ·······1203

Enhanced Precipitation Hardening in Mg-Zn-Al Casting Alloys

C. K. Mendis, B. C. Muddle and J.-F. Nie ·······1207

The Heat Treatment of Hot Isostatically Pressed Magnesium Alloys

P. F. Statton ·······1211

*Green-State Forming of Magnesium Base Functional Alloys

T. Aizawa ·······1215

Synthesis and Crystal Structure of New Hydrides in Ca-Mg-Ni Systems under High-Pressure.

Y. Goto, H. Kakuta, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······1219

Microstructure and Protium Absorption/Desorption Characteristics of Mg2Ni/LaNi5 Composite

H. Okumura, A. Matsui, S. Yamagiwa, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1223

Microstructural Evolution of Mg-Al Based Alloy by HDDR

T. Miyashita, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······1227

Mechanical Properties of Controlled Open Cell Magnesium Alloy Foam Under Dynamic Loading

K. Shimojima, Y. Yamada, C. Wen, Y. Chino and M. Mabuchi ·······1231

Effects of Cell Structure on Mechanical Properties of a Magnesium Foam

Y. Yamada, C. Wen, K. Shimojima, Y. Chino and M. Mabuchi ·······1235

Effects of Compocasting Conditions on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Al18B4O33/ AZ91D Composites

G. Sasaki, M. Yashida, J. Pan, H. Fukunaga, N. Fuyama and T. Fujii ·······1239

Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Semi-Solid Formed Magnesium Alloys

T. Kayuta, T. Araki, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1243

Application of Semi-Solid Forming to Heat Resistant Mg-Zn-Al-RE-Ca Alloys

N. G. Antara, T. Kayuta, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1247

Superplasticity and Welding Behavior in Four Mg-Al-Zn Base Alloys

H. K. Lin, S. F. Su, and J. C. Huang ·······1251

Diffusion Bonding in Superplastic AZ31 Magnesium Alloys

H. Somekawa, H. Hosokawa, H. Watanabe, M. Kohzu and K. Higashi ·······1255

Direct Adhesion of Polymer to Polymer Plated Magnesium Alloys

K. Mori, Z. Kang, P. Gong, H. Sasaki and Y. Oishi ·······1259

Surface Modification of Magnesium Alloys by Deposition Coating

H. Tsubakino, A. Yamamoto, A. Watanabe, K. Sugahara and S. Fukumoto ·······1263

In Situ Observations of Corrosion Behavior in Magnesium Alloys and Deposition Coated Magnesium Alloys

A. Yamamoto, A. Watanabe, K. Sugahara, H Tsubakino and S. Fukumoto ·······1267

Polymer Plating of 6-Dihexylamino-1,3,5-Triazine-2,4-Dithiol on Magnesium Alloys and its Corrosion Resistance.

K. Mori, Z. Kang and Y. Oishi ·······1271

Corrosion Resistance of Surface Treated AZ91D Magnesium Alloys in the Atmosphere

H. Umehara, M. Takaya and T. Itoh ·······1275

Corrosion Behavior of Mg-Li Alloys in Salt Water Environment

K. Matsuzawa, T. Saga, S. Nagai, M. Inoue, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1279

Gas Nitriding of Refined Magnesium via Bulk Mechanical Alloying

P. Visuttipitukul, T. Luangvaranunt, T. Aizawa and H. Kuwahara ·······1283

Surface Modification of AZ91E Magnesium Alloy by Laser Melt Injection Using Al-30mass%Si Alloy Powder

S. Kamado, Y. Kojima, T. Takagi, H. Hiraga and T. Inoue ·······1287

Developments of Solid Recycling Process for Magnesium Alloys Scrap Using Hot Extrusion

Y. Chino, R. Kishihara, K. Shimojima, Y. Yamada, C. Wen, H. Iwasaki and M. Mabuchi ·······1291

Dissolution and Deposition of Impurities in Magnesium Electrolysis

T. Takenaka, T. Fujita, S. Isazawa and M. Kawakami ·······1295

Vacuum Distillation of Commercial Magnesium Ingot

M. Inoue, M. Iwai, S. Kamado and Y. Kojima ·······1299

Structural Optimization of Plate Wing with Magnesium Alloys for Supersonic Flutter

H. Furuya and I. Fukuchi ·······1303

Reliability-Based Optimum Design of Magnesium Alloy Panel Subject to Vibration

N. Kogiso ·······1307

Radiation-Induced Effects by High Energy Particle/Solid Interaction

*Determination of Gas Generation Cross Sections in Alloys and Pure Metals Irradiated in Mixed High-Energy Proton and Spallation Neutron Spectra in LANSCE at 30-60°C

F. A. Garner, M. L. Hamilton, B. M. Oliver, L. R. Greenwood, S. A. Maloy, W. F. Sommer, M. R. James and P. D. Ferguson ·······1311

Effects of Varying Temperature Irradiation of the Microstructure of Neutron Irradiated Austenitic Stainless Steels

H. Watanabe, T. Muroga and N. Yoshida ·······1315

Changes of Mechanical Properties and Microstructure in Vanadium Alloys Under Neutron Irradiation

K. Fukumoto, Y. Yan, H. Tsai, D. L. Smith and H. Matsui ·······1319

Modification of Vanadium Alloys by Selecting Alloying Elements and Melting Methods

T. Chuto, M. Satou, A. Hasegawa, K. Abe, T. Nagasaka, T. Muroga, S. Tomiyama and M. Sakata ·······1323

Damages Formed in Pure Gold Irradiated with 14MeV D-T Neutron at Fusion Neutron Source Facility FNS in JAERI

H. Ohkubo, K. Sugio, I. Mukouda and Y. Shimomura ·······1327

Inter-Diffusion and Amorphization During Ion-Irradiation in Mo/Si Nano-Multi-Layer Materials

S. Ohnuki, F. Arimoto, S. Watanabe, P. R. Okamoto, N. Q. Lam and H. Abe ·······1331

Amorphization in the Immiscible Cu/Ta and Cu/Nb Multilayers by Ion Beam Assisted Deposition

F. Pan, F. Zeng, B. Zhao and J. Chen ·······1335

Spatio-Temporal Structural Fluctuations in the Intermetallic Compound NiTi During Radiation- Induced Crystalline-to-Amorphous Transformation

S. Watanabe, T. Koike, M. Hoshino, T. Suda, S. Ohnuki, H. Takahashi and N. Q. Lam ·······1339

*Formation of Amorphous Alloys by Ion Mixing and Its Thermodynamic and Atomistic Modeling in the Binary Metal Systems

B. Liu ·······1343

Dynamical Study of Radiation-Induced Amorphization in NiTi by High Resolution - High Voltage Electron Microscopy

T. Koike, S. Watanabe, T. Suda, S. Ohnuki and H. Takahashi ·······1347

Electron-Irradiation-Induced Amorphization in Mo/Si Nano-Multilayer Material

E. Shioya, T. Suda, S. Watanabe, S. Ohnuki, M. Ishino, O. Yoda, H. Abe and F. Phillip ·······1351

Defect Accumulation in Cubic Silicon Carbide as Studied by Charged Particle Irradiation

Y. Katoh, H. Kishimoto, K. Jimbo and A. Kohyama ·······1355

Experimental and Computational Studies of Radiation Effects in Silicon Carbide

W. J. Weber, F. Gao, W. Jiang and R. Devanathan ·······1359

The Stability of SiC/SiC Composites with Highly Crystalline Fiber to Neutron Irradiation up to 10 dpa

T. Hinoki, Y. Katoh and A. Kohyama ·······1363

Deformation During Surface Modification of Silicon Carbide Using Rare-Gas Ion-Beam Irradiation

S. Nogami, S. Ohtsuka, M. B. Toloczko, A. Hasegawa and K. Abe ·······1367

The Interphase Staubility Under Dual-Ion Irradiation in Advanced SiC/SiC Composites

H. Kishimoto, Y. Katoh and A. Kohyama ·······1371

*Damages Formed in Pure Cu Irradiated by 14 MeV D-T Neutrons at Fusion Neutron Source Facility (FNS) in JAERI

Y. Shimomura, K. Sugio, I. Mukouda, M. Kuchiwaki, H. Ohkubo, C. Kutsukake and H. Takeuchi ·······1375

Void Swelling as a Stochastic, Evolutionary Process

M. P. Surh and W. G. Wolfer ·······1379

Effects of Helium on Radiation Damage Processes in Iron

K. Morishita, B. D. Wirth, T. D. de la Rubia and A. Kimura ·······1383

Energetics of Vacancy Clusters of 1 to 150 Vacancies in FCC Metals, Gold, Silver, Copper, Nickel and Aluminum, with EAM Potentials

R. Nishiguchi and Y. Shimomura ·······1387

Point Defect Properties of Vanadium and Molybdenum Studied by Computer Simulations with Jhonson and Oh EAM Potentials

K. Sugio, Y. Shimomura and H. Huang ·······1391

Thermal Helium Desorption from α-Iron

K. Morishita, R. Sugano, H. Iwakiri, N. Yoshida and A. Kimura ·······1395

Finite Element Method Simulation of Notch Deformation utilized in Confocal Microscope/Fracture Reconstruction Analyses of Subsized Charpy V-Notch Specimens

T. Yamamoto, G. R. Odette, G. E. Lucas and H. Matsui ·······1399

The Effect of Dose Rate on Microstructural Evolution in Austenitic Model Alloys Irradiated with Fast Neutrons

T. Okita, T. Sato, N. Sekimura and F. A. Garner ·······1403

Predicting the Radiation Tolerance of Oxides

K. E. Sickafus and R. W. Grimes ·······1407

Radiation-Induced Defects in Oxide Ceramics Under Displacive and Ionizing Radiation

K. Yasuda and C. Kinoshita ·······1411

Transient Radiation-Induced Effects in Magnesium-Doped Lithium Niobate

W. J. Thomes, Jr., K. Simmons-Potter, B. G. Potter Jr. and L. S. Weichman ·······1415

Theoretical Study of Radiation Effects in Thorium Phosphate Diphosphate Th4(PO4)4P2O7

A. Chartier, C. Meis, N. Dacheux and M. Genet ·······1419

Radiation-Induced Disordering in Magnesium Aluminate Spinel Studied by Electron Channeling X-ray Spectroscopy

T. Soeda, M. Shimada, S. Matsumura, N. J. Zaluzec and C. Kinoshita ·······1423

Optical and Ion Channeling Analyses of Point Defect Accumulation in Spinel and Cubic Zirconia Due to Ion Irradiation.

I. V. Afanasyev-Charkin, V. T. Gtitsyna, D. W. Cooke, M. Ishimaru, B. L. Bennett and K. E. Sickafus ·······2967

Suppression of Anion Vacancy Formation in Neutron Irradiated MGO:Li Crystals: Camouflage or Fact?

R. González, I. Vergara, D. Cáceres and Y. Chen ·······1427

Review of Hellium Effects on Irradiation Embrittlement in Reduced Activation Ferritic Steels

A. Kimura, R. Kasada, K. Morishita, R. Sugano, A. Kohyama, T. Yamamoto, H. Matsui, A. Hasegawa, K. Abe, N. Yamamoto ·······1431

Effect of Transmutation Helium on Damage Structure in Dual Irradiated Austenitic Steels

H. Kinoshita, S. Ohyagi, D.-S. Bae, B.-F. Hu and H. Takahashi ·······1435

Flux Effects on the Subsize Charpy Impact Properties of Neutron Irradiated A533B Steel

T. Yamamoto, H. Matsui, M. Narui and K. Dohi ·······1439

Dependence of Susceptibility to IGSCC on the Location in HAZ of Welded SUS304L Core Shroud for BWR

K. Isomura, A. Kimura, R. Kasada, K. Itoh, H. Yuya and Y. Naruse ·······1443

Radiation Effect on Corrosion Susceptibility of Heat Affected Zone in Weld Stainless Steels

T. Mitamura, M. Terasawa, S. Nakahigashi, S. Fukumoto, H. Tsubakino, K. Nakamura, A. Kinomura and Y. Horino ·······1447

The Influence of Delta(δ) Ferrite on the Irradiation Effects in Type 304 Stainless Steel Weldment

S.-H. Chi, Y.-K. Shin, G.-C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim and J.-H Hong ·······1451

Radiation Effects on Fatigue Properties of Reduced Activation Ferritic/Martensitic Steels

T. Hirose, H. Tanigawa, M. Ando, T. Suzuki, A. Kohyama, Y. Katoh and M. Narui ·······1455

Correlation between Creep Property and Microstructure of Fe-9Cr-xW Reduced Activation Ferrtic/Martensitic Steels for Fusion Blanket Systems

H. Sakasegawa, T. Hirose, A. Kohyama, Y. Katoh, T. Harada, K. Asakura and T. Kumagai ·······1459

Improvement of Corrosion Property and Structual Change in 304 Stainless Steel by Means of Ion- Mixing

Y. Masumoto, M. Takeda, T. Suda, S. Watanabe, S. Ohnuki, T. Ohtsuka and K. Ikezawa ·······1463

Correlation between Neutron Irradiation-Induced Hardening and Microstructural Change in Iron-Copper Model alloys Irradiated at Different Neutron Dose Rates

T. Kitao, R. Kasada, K. Morishita, H. Matsui and A. Kimura ·······1465

Damaged Structure in SUS316L Strainless Steel Irradiated by Triple Beams of Electron and Dual Ions

S. Oyagi, H. Kinoshita, T. Shibayama and H. Takahashi ·······1469

Spatial Distribution and Interaction of Defects in Spinel, Based on Optical Studies of X-ray Irradiation Induced Processes

V. T. Gritsyna, Y. G. Kazarinov, V. A. Kobyakov and K. E. Sickafus ·······1473

Microwave Absorption of Magnetic Relaxation of YBa2Cu3O7−δ with or without He+-ion Irradiation

K. Shiiyama, M. Noujima, H. Yano, T. Higuchi and C. Kinoshita ·······1477

The Use of Ion beams for Nuclear Ceramics Evaluation: Case Study of Zirconia

L. Thomé, A. Gentils, F. Garrido and J. Jagielski ·······1481

Dynamics of Grain Boundary Movement by In-situ Irradiation Using Atomic-Resolution HVEM

N. Sakaguchi, S. Watanabe, T. Shibayama, H. Kinoshita and H. Takahashi ·······1485

Effects of Helium on Damage Structure and Radiation-Induced Segregation in Low Activation Fe-Cr-Mn(W,V) Alloys

H. Benfu, H. Kinoshita, H. Takahashi and C. Xiao ·······1489

Formation of Non-Equilibrium Phase in Cu by High-Energy Ti-Implantation at Room Temperature

T. Shibayama, M. Fujikawa, H. Kinoshita and H. Takahashi ·······1493

Effects of Ti Implantation on Martensitic Phase Transformation in Austenitic 301 Stainless Steel

D. Gustiono, N. Sakaguchi, T. Shibayama, H. Kinoshita and H. Takahashi ·······1497

Vol. II

Smart Materials-Fundamentals and System Applications

3D Simulation of a Shape Memory Microactuator

M. Kohl and B. Krevet ·······1501

Martensitic Transformations in Constrained Films

A. L. Roytburd and J. Slutsker ·······2979

Effect of Cooling Effciency on Dynamic Characteristics of Diaphragm-Type Microactuators Utilizing Sputter-Deposited Ti-Ni Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films

M. Hirano, H. Hosoda, H. Suzuki and S. Miyazaki ·······1505

Shape Memory Behavior and Microstructure in Sputter-Deposited Ti-47.3 at%Ni Thin Films

J. Sakurai, J.-I. Kim and S. Miyazaki ·······1509

Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Near-Equiatomic Ti-Ni Shape Memory Alloys Fabricated by Sputter-Deposition and Ingot-Metallurgy

J. Sakurai, J.-I. Kim, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1513

Residual Stress of TiNi Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films on Silicon Substrate

B. Jiang, T. Wu, X. Qi, L. Wang, D. Xu and B. Cai ·······1517

Shape Memory Behavior of Sputter-Deposited Ti-Ni-Pd Thin Films

K. Okutsu, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1521

Characteristics of Ti-12.7Ni-35.3Pd High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films

K. Okutsu, J.-I. Kim and S. Miyazaki ·······1525

Effect of Aging Time on Crystallization and Shape Memory Behavior of Sputter-Deposited Ni-Rich Ti-Ni Thin Films

H. Cho, J. Sakurai, J.-I. Kim, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1529

Microstructures of Ti-Ni-10 at%Cu Shape Memory Alloy Melt-Spun Ribbons with Various Ni Contents

A. Khantachawana, K. Yamazaki, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1533

Deformation Behavior and Microstructures of Ti-50at%Ni and Ti-40Ni-10Cu(at%) SMA Melt-Spun Ribbons

A. Khantachawana, K. Yamazaki and S. Miyazaki ·······1537

Manufacturing of “Nitinol”-Tubes by Hot Extrusion

K. B. Müller ·······1541

Shape Memory Properties of TiNi Thin Sheets Produced by Ultrafine Laminates Method

K. Tsuchiya, D. Tomus, K. Dohman, M. Sasaki, D. Imai and M. Umemoto ·······1545

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Ti-Ni-Cu Shape Memory Alloy Fabricated by Spark-Plasma Sintering

H. Kyogoku, F. Yoshida and T. Sakuma ·······1549

Theory and Modeling of Superelastic Adaptive Micro-Composites

J. Slutsker and A. L. Roytburd ·······2975

Modelling and Material Design of SMA Polymer Composites

P. Sittner, V. Michaud, J. A. Baltà-Neumann and J. Schrooten ·······1553

A Phase Field Model and Computer Simulation of Martensitic Transformations in Polycrystalline Materials

A. Artemev, Y. M. Jin and A. G. Khachaturyan ·······1557

*Bistable Shape Memory Composites with (Ti,Hf)Ni and Polymers

B. Winzek, T. Sterzl and E. Quandt ·······1561

Development of NiTi-SnAgCu Composite Solder Paste

O. Fouassier, J. Chazelas and J.-F. Silvain ·······1565

Fabrication and Characterization of TiNi/Al Alloy Smart Composite

G. C. Lee, D. S. Park, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Park, D. H. Lee and Y. Furuya ·······1569

*Health Monitoring of Advanced Composite Marine Structures by Applying Fiber-Optic Technology

K. Kageyama, H. Murayama, I. Kimpara, A. Shimada, H. Naruse, K. Uzawa and G. Kimura ·······1573

Vibration and Resonace Characteristics of PZT/Epoxy 1-3 Composite Ultrasonic Wire Bonding Transducers

C.-P. Chong, H. L.-W Chan and P. C. K. Liu ·······1579

Studies of Li, Nb and Mn doped PZT Ceramic Fibers and Ceramic Fiber/Epoxy 1-3 Composites

K. Li, K. H. Lam, D. Y. Wang, H. L.-W. Chan and C. L. Choy ·······1583

*Damping and Mechanical Properties of (Graphite+9Al2O3 · 2B2O3)/Mg Metal Matrix Composites

C. Ha, I. Choi, K.-m. Cho and I. Park ·······1587

Thermal- and Microstructural-Characteristics of Al-Ceramic Interfaces in Si3N4-Reinforced Al-Alloy Composites

H.-G. Jeong, K.-H. Na and K. Hiraga ·······1591

Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Aluminum/Aluminum Nitride Composite made from Aluminum Powders

T. Kujime and N. Shigematsu ·······1595

Fabrication of Silicon Boride Composites as Thermoelectric Materials

N. Fukushima, T. Kubota, S. Tanaka, J. Matsushita, T. Akatsu, K. Niihara and E. Yasuda ·······1599

Samarium and Manganese Doped Lead Titanate Ceramic Fiber/Epoxy 1-3 Composites for High Frequency Transducer Applications

K. Li, D. Y. Wang, K. H. Lam, H. L.-W. Chan and C. L. Choy ·······1603

Applications of SMA's in Medical Instruments

H. Fischer, B. Vogel, A. Grüunhagen, K. P. Brhel and M. Kaiser ·······1607

An SMA Artificial Anal Sphincter Actuated by Transcutaneous Energy Transmission Systems

Y. Luo, T. Takagi, S. Amae, M. Wada, T. Yambe, T. Kamiyama and H. Matsuki ·······1611

In Vivo Result of Porous TiNi Shape Memory Alloy: Bone Response and Growth

S.-B. Kang, J.-S. Kim, T.-H. Nam and K.-S. Yoon ·······1615

Fracture Treatment Using TiNi Shape Memory Alloy Bone Fixater (BRM-SH System)

S.-B. Kang, T.-H. Nam, J.-S. Kim and K.-S. Yoon ·······1619

Mechanical Properties of Ti-Mo Base Biomedical Shape Memory Alloys

N. Hosoda, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1623

Tensile Properties of Ti-Mo-Ga Alloys

Y. Ohmatsu, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1627

Study of Phase Stability and Phase Transformation of Ti and Ti-Based Alloys by Statistical Moment Method

V. V. Hung, S. R. Nishitani and K. Masuda-Jindo ·······1631

Improvement of Mechanical Properties by Shape Memory Effect in Fe-Mn-Si-Cr Fiber/Plaster Composites

E. Miyazaki and Y. Watanabe ·······1635

Surface Modification of Titanium with CaTiO3 to Accelerate Calcium Phosphate Precipitation

T. Hanawa, S. Hiromoto and K. Asami ·······1639

Antimicrobial Characteristics of Anodic Oxidation Coating of Aluminum Impregnated with Iodine Compound

K. Hashimoto, M. Takaya and Y. Toda ·······1641

Pervaporation Membrane System for the Removal of Ammonia from Water

Y. Hirabayashi ·······1645

Novel Activated Carbons with Antibacterial Activity

O. Yamamoto and T. Sasamoto ·······1649

Structural and Magnetic Phenomena in Ni-Mn-Ga System

V. A. Chernenko, V. A. L'vov, E. Cesari, J. Pons, R. Portier and S. P. Zagorodnyuk ·······1653

Dynamic Magnetic Field-Induced Strain Resonse of Ni49.8Mn28.5Ga21.7 Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy up to 332 Hz

C. P. Henry, J. Feuchtwanger, D. Bono, R. C. O'Handley and S. M. Allen ·······1657

Martensitic Transformation and Shape Memory Effect of Sputtered Ni-Mn-Ga Films

M. Ohtsuka, M. Matsumoto and K. Itagaki ·······1661

Structures and Phase Transformations in the Heusler-Type Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys

K. Tsuchiya, H. Nakamura, D. Ohtoyo, H. Ohtsuka and M. Umemoto ·······1665

Effect of Heat Treatment on Hardness of Ni2MnGa Alloys

H. Hosoda, T. Sugimoto and S. Miyazaki ·······1669

*Magnetic Field-Controlled Shape Memory in Ni52.5Mn23.5Ga24 Single Crytals

G. Wu, W. Wang and H. Xu ·······1673

The Effciency of Controlling the Structural Phase Transition in Ni-Mn-Ga Shape-Memory Alloys

A. A. Cherechukin, A. V. Glebov, E. P. Krasnoperov, V. G. Shavrov and T. Takagi ·······1677

Magnetic Field Induced Shape-Memory Effect in Ni-Mn-Ga Polycrystals

A. A. Cherechukin, I. E. Dikstein, V. V. Khovailo, D. V. Kosolapov, E. P. Krasnoperov, V. G. Shavrov, T. Takagi, A. A. Tulaikova and A. N. Vasil'ev ·······1681

Modulus vs. Field by the Cantilever Technique, and a Model for the Magnetic and Magneto Elastic Behavior of NiMnGa Films

J. R. Cullen, J. Li and M. Wuttig ·······1685

Neutron Diffraction Study of Ni2MnGa-Type Shape Memory Alloys

K. Inoue, Y. Yamaguchi, K. Ohoyama, K. Enami and K. Inoue ·······1689

Shape Memory Property and Electronic Structure of Film of Ni2.17Mn0.83Ga

S. Ishida, Y. Tanaka and S. Asano ·······1693

Structural Phase Transitions in Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys with Positive Magnetic Anisotropy Constant

V. Buchelnikov, A. Zayak, A. Vasil'ev, T. Takagi, P. Entel and V. Shavrov ·······1697

Giant Magnetostriction in Fe-Bsed Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys

T. Fukuda, Y. Nakamura, T. Tabata, T. Kakeshita, T. Takeuchi, R. Oshima and K. Kishio ·······1699

Shape Recovery Through Order-Disorder Phase Transformation on Equiatomic FePd

K. Morioka and Katsushi Tanaka ·······1703

Effect of Microstructure on Field-Induced Strain in Fe-Pd Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys

H. Y. Yasuda, N. Koumoto and Y. Umakoshi ·······1707

Magnetic and Magnetostrictive Properties of Galfenol Alloys under Large Compressive Stresses

A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff and T. A. Lograsso ·······1711

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Heat Treated Amorphous TbDyFe Films

C. Jiang, S. Gong and H. Xu ·······1715

Piezoelectric Polymer Actuators Applied to Vibration Damping in Zero-g Environment

V. H. Schmidt, R. J. Conant, G. W. Bohannan, J. Hallenberg, M. Galvin and A. Ross ·······1719

Fabrication and Bending Displacement Characteristics of Functionally Graded PZT/Pt Piezoelectric Actuators

K. Takagi, J.-F. Li, S. Yokoyama and R. Watanabe ·······1723

Multi-Step Nature of the Paraelectric-Ferroelectric Transition in BaTiO3 Detected by “mK-Stabilized Cell”

Y. Kawakatsu, A. Kojima, Y. Yoshimura, H. Iwasaki and K. Tozaki ·······1727

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of R0.7A0.3MnO3 (R: La, Pr, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, A: Ca, Sr) and Their Phase Diagram

T. Terai, T. Kakeshita, T. Fukuda, K. Kindo, M. Honda and K. Kishio ·······1731

Preparation of Oriented Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 Ferroelectric Ceramics by Directional Solidification Method

D. Li, P. Wang, X. Pan and Z. Yin ·······1735

[112] Terfenol-D Magnetostrictive Particle Composites

G. P. McKnight and G. P. Carman ·······1739

Anisotropic Strengthening of Particle Dispersed Composite Utilizing Giant Magnetostriction Effect

K. Ushijima, J. Matsushita, K. Kitazono, E. Sato and K. Kuribayashi ·······1743

Nanopowder-Based Magnetorheological Fluids for Smart Actuation Systems

N. Rosenfeld, R. Radhakrishnan, N. M. Wereley and T. S. Sudarhan ·······1747

Photo-Catalysis of TiO2 Thin Films on the Plates of Commercial Aluminum Alloys

T. Kawabata, S. Rengakuji, H. Hayashi, K. Matsuda, K. Tanaka and S. Ikeno ·······1751

Segregation and Optical Properties of Er/Mg Co-Doped LiNbO3 Single Crystal Fibers by the Micro-Pulling Down Method

W.-S. Yang, H.-Y. Lee, S.-J. Suh and D.-H. Yoon ·······1755

Microscopic Stress Analysis in a Luminescent Glass

O. Mizoo, G. Pezzotti, K. Tanaka, J. Qiu and K. Hirao ·······1759

Annealing Effect on the Optical Properties of a-SiC:H Thin Films Deposited by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

Y.-T. Kim, S.-M. Cho, B. Hong, S.-J. Suh, G.-E. Jang and D.-H. Yoon ·······1763

Copper Nanoparticle Composites in Insulators by Negative Ion Implantation for Optical Application

Y. Takeda, V. V. Bandourko, C.-G. Lee and N. Kishimoto ·······1767

Photocatalytic TiO2 Films Deposited by Sputtering for “Self-Cleaning Smart Windows”

M. Yamagishi, Y. Irie, S. Miyatake, S. Kuriki, P. K. Song and Y. Shigesato ·······1771

New Approaches to Deposit Thermochromic VO2 Films for “Smart Windows”

K. Kato, P. K. Song, Y. Shigesato and H. Odaka ·······1773

*Detectivity of Thin-Film NTC Infrared Sensors

M. Yoo and M. Lee ·······1775

Photo-Catalysis of TiO2 Thin Films on Pure Aluminum Plates

H. Hayashi, T. Kawabata, S. Rengakuji, K. Matsuda, K. Tanaka and S. Ikeno ·······1779

Silicon Dioxide Electret Thin Films Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering

T. Minami, H. Toda, T. Utsubo, T. Miyata and Y. Ohbayashi ·······1783

Practical Properties of Indium Zinc Oxide for Thin-Film-Transistor Liquid-Crystal Displays.

A. Kaijo, K. Inoue, S. Matsuzaki and Y. Shigesato ·······1787

Relation Between Microstructure, Physical Properties and Martensitic Transformations in Ni-Rich Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloys

E. F. Wassermann, C. Somsen, J. Käastner, D. Schryvers, M. Komopastcher and G. Kostorz ·······1791

Study of Martensitic Transformation in NiTi Alloys by In-Situ Positron Lifetime Measurement

J. Katsuyama, T. Kobayashi, P. Chalermkarnnon, M. Mizuno, H. Araki and Y. Shirai ·······1795

NMR-Studies of Martensitic Phase Transformation in Ni-Ti Alloys

S. Crevoiserat, C. Dimitropoulos and R. Gotthardt ·······1799

The Reverse Martensite Transformation Behavior of Prestrained TiNi Fibers In Composites

L. Cui, Y. Li, Y. Zheng and D. Yang ·······1803

Hysteretic Behaviour of Thermoelastic Martensitic Transformation in Near-Equiatomic NiTi

Y. Liu ·······1807

Measurement of Heat of Transformation in Ti-Ni Shape-Memory Alloy under Stress Imposition

K. Matsumoto and S. Taniguchi ·······1811

Strain Recovery Characteristics and Reverse Transformation of Deformed Martensite in a Ni-Ti-Nb Wide Hysteresis Shape Memory Alloy

W. Cai and L. Zhao ·······1815

Phase Transformation Behavior and Shape Memory Characteristics of Ti-Ni-Cu-Mo Alloys

T.-h. Nam, J.-p. Noh, S.-g. Hur, J.-s. Kim and S.-b. Kang ·······1819

Superelastic Behavior of Ti-Ni Shape Memory Alloy Coil Spring

M. Yamada, T. Sakuma, U. Iwata and Y. Ochi ·······1823

Stress-Strain Behaviors of Ti-Ni-Cu Shape Memory Alloys Subjected to Superelastic Deformation

M. Hosogi, N. Okabe and T. Sakuma ·······1827

Effect of Cu Content on Superelastic Behavior of Ti-Ni-Cu Shape Memory Alloy

M. Hosogi, T. Sakuma and N. Okabe ·······1831

R-Phase Transformation and Electronic Structures of Shape Memory Alloy TiNi

S. Ishida, T. Tasaka and S. Asano ·······1835

Effect of Aging on Shape Memory Behavior in Ti-50.9at%Ni Alloy

J.-I. Kim, H. Hosoda and S. Miyazaki ·······1839

Effect of Aging Period on Tensile Deformation Behavior and Microstructure of a Ti-Ni-Co Shape Memory Alloy

Y. Kishi, Z. Yajima and K. Shimizu ·······1843

Shape Memory Properties and Microstructures of Resistance-Welded Ti-50.9at%Ni Alloy Wires

Y. Masunaga, J. I. Kim, T. Sakuma, K. Murata and S. Miyazaki ·······1847

*Fatigue Properties of the Ti-Ni Base Shape Memory Alloy Wire

Y. Kim ·······1851

Creep and Aging of Ni-rich NiTi Shape Memory Alloys and the Relation between Microstructures and Martensitic Transformations

J. K.-Allafi, A. Dlouhy and G. Eggeler ·······1855

Nucleation and Growth Mode and Chemical Analysis of Copper Electroless Deposition on NiTi Shape Memory Alloy

J.-F. Silvain and O. Fouassier ·······1859

*Transformation Conditions in Shape Memory Alloys under Multiaxial Stress States: Experiments and Simulations

K. Tanaka ·······1863

Determination of Thermo-Mechanical Properties of SMA by Inverse Approach Using Isothermal Stress-Cycle Tests

F. Yoshida, H. Kyogoku, T. Sakuma and V. V. Toropov ·······1867

*High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

J. V. Humbeeck and G. Firstov ·······1871

Phase Transformation and Microstructure of NbRu High Temperature Shape Memory Alloy

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, W. Cai and L. Zhao ·······1875

Morphology and Crystallography of Twins in Martensite in Ti-Pd High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

S. Ii, M. Nishida and T. Hara ·······1879

Transformation Behavior of Ti-Pd High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

V. C. Solomon and M. Nishida ·······1883

Two-Way Shape Memory Effect in Ductile Cu-Al-Mn Alloys

T. Omori, J. Wang, Y. Sutou, R. Kainuma and K. Ishida ·······1887

Experimental Research on Two-Way Shape Memory Effect of Cu-Based SMA Polycrystal

M. Tokuda, S. Sugino and T. Inaba ·······1891

Structure Analysis and Shape Memory Effect of Electropulse Modifying Fabricated Cu-Al-Ni Alloys

Q. Chen, J. Wang, L. Liu, W. Cai and L. Zhao ·······1895

Effect of Nb on Transformation Behavior in CuAlNb Shape Memory Alloys with High Transformation Temperature

H. Wang, S. Gong, C. Jiang and H. Xu ·······1899

Enhanced Shape Memory Behaviour and Shape Recovery Strength in “Training-Less” Fe-Mn-Si-Based SMAs Containing NbC

A. Baruj, T. Kikuchi, S. Kajiwara and N. Shinya ·······1903

Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-N Shape Memory Alloys

S. Chen, J. Wan, X. Huang and T. Y. Hsu (Zuyao Xu) ·······1907

Study of the Poling of 0.65PMN-0.35PT Single Crystals and Their Application in Cymbal Actuators

K.-H. Lam, H. L.-W. Chan, C.-L. Choy, H.-S. Luo, Q.-R. Yin and Z.-W. Yin ·······1911

Tribological Properties of Anodic Oxidation Coatings of Aluminum Impregnated with Organic Iodine Compound

M. Takaya, K. Hashimoto and Y. Toda ·······1915

Synthesis and Application of Self-Ordered Mesoporous Silicate Film from a Template of Tri-Block Copolymer

H.-S. Zhou, T. Yamada, K. Asai, I. Honma, H. Uchida and T. Katsube ·······1919

Materials Characterization of Plastic Products by Thermodynamic Response using Micro- indentation

S. Saimoto and B. J. Diak ·······1923

Computer Simulation for Strength Analysis of Joint between Dissimilar Materials Using Interface Element

M. Shibahara, H. Serizawa, H. Murakawa and Z. Wu ·······1927

FEM Analysis of Asymmetrical Four-Point Bending Test for Shear Strength of Smart Materials Joints

H. Serizawa, C. A. Lewinsohon and H. Murakawa ·······1931

Control Synthesis for Technical Systems from Standpoint of their State Activation

S. B. Teodorovich, V. Y. Erofeev, F. I. Ivanov and A. S. Teodorovich ·······1935

Smart Power Fabrication of Nb-Cr Base Two-Phase Intermetallics

H. Hosoda, M. Kosuge and S. Hanada ·······1939

Oxidation Resistance of Co-Added IrAl-Base Smart Coating Material

H. Hosoda ·······1943

Design of Microstruncure for Ductile Mg Alloy-Based Composites with Ductile Dispersoids

S. Miura and T. Mohri ·······1947

Fabrication of Nickel-Aluminides by Reactive Centrifugal Casting Method from Liquid Aluminum and Solid Nickel

S. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe and K. Matsuura ·······1951

Mechanism of Grain Refining of Austenite by Copper Addition in 8 mass%Ni Martensitic Steel

J. Syarif, T. Tsuchiyama and S. Takaki ·······1955

Superplasticity and Its Applications

*Application Technology of Aluminium Superplastic Forming for “S2000 Hardtop” One-Piece Outerpanel

O. Yokoyama, K. Nakao, J. Watanabe and K. Okunaka ·······1959

*Superplastic Behavior of an Iron-11-Al-0.7C Alloy

C. J. Tsai, J. Wadsworth and O. D. Sherby ·······1963

*Internal Stress Superplasticity in NiAl Based Intermetallics

E. Sato, R. S. Sundar, K. Kitazono and K. Kuribayashi ·······1965

*A Critical Analysis of Experimental Data on Superplastic Zirconia

A. H. Chokshi ·······1969

Development of High Performance Aluminum Components Using High Strain Rate Superplasticity

N. Kuroishi ·······1973

Realizing High Strain Rate Super Plasticity at Room Temperature using Thermo Mechanical Controlling Process

K. Makii, Y. Seki, A. Kushibe and K. Higashi ·······1977

Superplasticity in 7055 Aluminium Alloy

R. Kaibyshev, T. Sakai, F. Musin, I. Nikulin, H. Miura ·······1979

Grain Refinement and Superplasticity of Al-Mg Alloy by Hydrogenation Treatment

K. Funami and R. Sano ·······1983

Deformation Mechanisms During Low Temperature Superplasticity in 5083 Al-Mg Alloy

I. C. Hsiao and J. C. Huang ·······1987

Superplastic Deformation of a Rapidly Solidified Al-Li Alloy

Y. N. Kwon, S. Lee, N. J. Kim and Y. W. Chang ·······1991

Characteristic of Cavity Growth of Superplastic Al 7475 Alloy Containing A Small Amount of Liquid

H. Iwasaki, T. Mori, M. Mabuchi and K. Higashi ·······1995

Formability and Planar Anisotropy of 5052 Al Alloy Sheets Processed by Continuous Equal Channel Angular Pressing

J.-H. Han, K.-H. Oh, K.-K. Jee, Y.-H. Chung and M.-C. Shin ·······1999

Superplasticity of Aluminum Alloys Containing Various Solid Solution Elements Processed Using Equal-Channel Angular Pressing

K. Matsubara, A. Utsunomiya, M. Furukawa, Z. Horita and T. G. Langdon ·······2003

Superplasticity in Cu-Zn-Zr Alloys Processed by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing

K. Neishi, T. Fujinami, K. Oh-ishi, Z. Horita and T. G. Langdon ·······2007

Attaining Low-Temperature Superplasticity in a Cu-Zn-Sn Alloy Using Equal-Channel Angular Pressing

K. Neishi, T. Uchida, A. Yamauchi, K. Nakamura, Z. Horita and T. G. Langdon ·······2011

A Study of Superplasticity in NiAl-9Mo Alloy

J. Guo, X. Du and G. Li ·······2015

Effect of Cr on the High Temperature Deformation Behavior of a Superplastic Iron Aluminide

T. K. Ha, J. H. Song, H. T. Lim and Y. W. Chang ·······2019

Microstructure Change of a Fully Ferritic HS-PM Processed SUS316L Powder at Elevated Temperatures

H. Inomoto, H. Fujiwara and K. Ameyama ·······2023

Ultra-Fine Grain Formation and High Temperature Deformation Behavior of a High Strain PM/SPS Processed High-Speed Steel

A. Takemura, H. Yoshioka, K. Hirai and K. Ameyama ·······2027

*Superplasticity in Magnesium-Alloy and Deformation Mechanism Maps for Mg Alloys at Elevated Temperatures

W.-J. Kim, S. W. Chung, C. S. Chung and D.-w. Kum ·······2031

Anisotropic CTE-Mismatch Superplasticity in Polycrystalline Magnesium

K. Kitazono, E. Sato and K. Kuribayashi ·······2035

Characteristics of Cavitation Behavior During Superplastic Deformation in AZ61 Magnesium Alloy

J. V. Aguirre, H. Hosokawa and K. Higashi ·······2039

Superplastic Behavior in Ingot Metallurgy WE43 Magnesium Alloy

H. Watanabe, T. Mukai, K. Ishikawa, T. Mohri, M. Mabuchi and K. Higashi ·······2043

A New Class of Stress-Induced Phase Transformation and Its Effects on Superplasticity in Two-Phase Titanium Alloys

J. Koike, T. Okamura, Y. Fujinaga and K. Maruyama ·······2047

Superplasticity of a Quasi-Single Phase Zn-0.3wt%Al Alloy

T. K. Ha, H. W. Koo and Y. W. Cheng ·······2051

Newtonian Flow and Phase Instability in a Bulk Metallic Glass Deformed in the Supercooled Liquid Region

T. G. Nieh and J. Wadsworth ·······2055

Morphology of Cavities Measured by Neutron Scattering in Superplastically Deformed 3Y-TZP

S. Harjo, Y. Motohashi, N. Kojima, J. Saroun, V. Ryukhtin, P. Strunz and P. Lukáas ·······2057

Fabrication of Micro/Nanocomposite of Alumina/Zirconia System

M. Nagashima, K. Maki and M. Hayakawa ·······2061

Microstructure of Superplastically Deformed Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystals.

T. Onda, H. Suematsu, H. Yamauchi and M. Hayakawa ·······2065

Local Bonding State and Tensile Ductility in MO2-Doped TZP (M=Ge, Ti)

A. Kuwabara, S. Yokota, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······2069

Atomistic Simulation of Grain Boundary Diffusion and Plastic Deformation of YSZ Nanocrystals

H. Ogawa and F. Wakai ·······2073

Atomisitic Simulation of Grain Boundary Sliding in Aluminum Bicrystals

N. Chandra, S. Namilae and T. G. Nieh ·······2077

Stress-Driven Morphological and Kinetic Instabilities of Grain Boundaries in the Superplastic Sliding

M. Lagos ·······2081

Microstructure and Orientation Changes During Superplastic Deformation of α+β CuZnSi Brasses

J. Dutkiewicz, J. Szpunar, B. Kim, R. Nciri, P. Malczewski and J. Kusnierz ·······2085

High Temperature Deformation Behavior in a Beta-Type Ti-29Nb-13Ta-5Zr Alloy for Biomedical Applications

G. Itoh, Y. Motohashi, T. Shiraishi and M. Niinomi ·······2089

Making of Hollow Structural Members of Superplastic Aluminum Alloy by RB/SPF

H. Ohsawa, T. Kido and U. Shin ·······2093

Research on the Advanced Forming Processes of Tubular Components

Y. Zeng and Z. Li ·······2097

Superplasticity-Like Compressive Deformation of a Round Bar Using a New Concept Technology

N. Okabe, T. Iura, X. Zhu, M. Tsutsumi and K. Mori ·······2101

A Cold Working for Local Collar-Forming with Superplasticity-Like Deformation Using a New Conceptual Technology

T. Iura, N. Okabe, X. Zhu, M. Tsutsumi and K. Mori ·······2105

A Cold Working for Bellows-Forming in a Pipe with Superplasticity-Like Deformation Using a New Concept Technology

T. Iura, N. Okabe, X. Zhu, M. Tsutsumi and K. Mori ·······2109

Thermoelectric Materials

*“Open Structure” Materials with Unique Properties and Potential for Thermoelectric Applications

G. S. Nolas ·······2113

Transport Properties and Electronic Nature of Delafossite-Type PdCoO2 and Its Related Compounds

H. Okabe, M. Matoba and M. Itoh ·······2117

Electronic Structure of Delafossite-Type AgM O2 (M =Fe, Co, and Ni) Studied by the Cluster Model Analysis

M. Matoba, H. Ueno, H. Okabe and M. Itoh ·······2119

Thermoelectric Properties of Nax Co2O4 Partially Substituted for Na-Site

T. Nagira, M. Ito, S. Katsuyama, K. Majima and H. Nagai ·······2121

Carrier Generation During Hot Pressing Bi2Te3-Bi2Se3 Solid Solutions

H. P. Ha, T. H. Kim and D. B. Hyun ·······2125

Thermoelectric Properties of Perovskite Oxide and Electronic Structures

S. Sugihara, T. Isobe, A. Minowa, H. Katanahara and M. Katayose ·······2129

Thermoelectric Properties and Microstructure of Perovskite-Layer La2-x Srx CoO4

H. Suzuki, J.-F. Li and R. Watanabe ·······2133

Thermoelectric Properties of Ca Doped Lix Co2O4 at High Temperatures

T. Tsuji, M. Hashida and Y. Yamamura ·······2137

New Growth Process and Peltier Properties of Shaped Crystal BiSbTeSe for Thermoelectric Material

M. Okutomi, S. Niki, Y. Nakamura, H. Yokochi, H. Tsuboi and T. Ota ·······2141

Thermoelectric Properties of Al-Doped Mg2Si

M. Umemoto, Y. Shirai and K. Tsuchiya ·······2145

Investigation of the Thermoelectric Properties of the Pentatelluride System MTe5−X SeX (M=Hf, Zr) for Potential Low Temperature Refrigeration Applications

T. M. Tritt, R. T. Littleton IV and N. D. Lowhorn ·······2149

Thermoelectric Properties of Semi-Conducting Bi-Sb Alloys

H. Kitagawa, T. Kiyabu, M. Itoh and Y. Noda ·······2153

Thermoelectric Properties of Spark Plasma Sintered SiC

H. Kitagawa, N. Kado, Y. Ueda, N. Kanayama and Y. Noda ·······2157

Thermoelectric Properties of Bi-Sb-Te Compounds Prepared by MA-PDS Process

L. X.-Dong, H. Okamura and Y.-H. Park ·······2161

*Development of High Effciency Thermoelectric Materials and Unicouples for Power Generation Applications

T. Caillat, J.-P. Fleurial, J. Snyder and A. Borshchevsky ·······2165

Conduction Mechanism and Thermoelectric Properties of Layered Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides

M. Koyano, H. Emoto, Y. Yamamura, S. Katayama and T. Tsuji ·······2169

Bismuth-Tellurium Alloy for Peltier Current Lead

S. Yamaguchi, K. Nakamura, Y. Hasegawa, H. Okumura and K. Sato ·······2173

Effect of Short Metal Fiber Addition on Thermoelectric Properties of Mg2Si

A. Matsumoto, K. Kobayashi, K. Ozaki and T. Nishio ·······2177

Improvement of Power Density by Optimizing Device Shape

K. Nomura, Y. Inada, S. Takemura, H. Yasuda and I. Ohnaka ·······2181

Production of Pure Metals and Semiconductive Materials

A. Tarasov, Y. Mamayev and V. Paretsky ·······2185

Green-State Forming of Lead-Free Thermoelectric Materials

T. Aizawa, A. Yamamoto, T. Ohta, K. Fukagawa and H. Endo ·······2189

Preparation of β-FeSi2 with Oxide Addition and Its Thermoelectric Properties

M. Ito, H. Nagai, T. Tanaka, S. Katsuyama and K. Majima ·······2193

Preparation of Bi-Sb Monosized Particles for Thermoelectric Micro-Assemblies

K. Ichiki, Y.-S. Kang, A. Kawasaki and R. Watanabe ·······2197

Discharge Sintering of Monosized Bi-Sb Particles for Micro-Thermoelectric Device

Y.-S. Kang, A. Kawasaki, K. Ichiki and R. Watanabe ·······2201

Thermoelectric Properties of CoSb3 with Dispersed NiSb Particles

S. Katsuyama, M. Ito, K. Majima and H. Nagai ·······2205

Manufacturing Thermoelectric Micro-Modules Using Micromachined Silicon Wafers

J.-F. Li, R. Watanabe, H. Suzuki, S. Sugimoto, S. Tanaka and M. Esashi ·······2209

Materials Processing

Quantum Chemistry Analysis on Dioxin Generation Reaction via Chlorination of Precursor Substances

M. Hirota, S. Asakura and A. Fuwa ·······2213

Reaction Analysis on Carbon Dioxide Reformation over Nickel Catalysts by Quantum Chemistry

W. Takahama, M. Hirota and A. Fuwa ·······2217

NO Reduction over Hydrothermally Synthesized Ceria Based Stannate Pyrochlore Catalysts by C2H4 in the Presence of Oxygen

Md. H. Zahir, M. Awano and K. Maeda ·······2221

Electrowinning of Cobalt in a Sulfuric Acid Solution Using Cyclone Type Cell

U.-H. Lee, H.-J. Sohn, T. Kang, C. K. Lee and K.-I. Rhee ·······2225

Extraction of SiO2 from Waste Colored Glasses by Alkali Fusion

H. Mori ·······2229

Recovery of Ferric Chloride Etch Solution by Diaphragm Electrolysis

J. Nakamura, Y. Shimizu and R. Arai ·······2231

Porosity Introduced Functionally Graded Coatings Using HVOF Spraying System

N. Nomura, M. M. Gasik, K. Korpiola, E. Rajamäki, A. Kawasaki, R. Watanabe and S. Hanada ·······2235

Alumina Coating Produced by Hybrid Type HVOF Thermal Spraying Gun

Y. Shimizu, K. Yamashita and K. Sakaki ·······2239

Preparation and Properties of Nanoscale Multilayered TiN/AlN Coatings Deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

J.-W. Lim, S.-H. Lee and J.-J. Lee ·······2243

The Structure and Mechanical Properties of Multilayer TiN/(Ti0.5Al0.5) Coatings Deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition(PECVD)

D.-K. Lee, S.-H. Lee and J.-J. Lee ·······2247

Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings on Aluminum Alloy Substrates

R. Huang, C. Y. Chan, I. Bello, C. S. Lee and S.-T. Lee ·······2251

Microstructural Study of Carborized Tungsten Heavy Alloy

F. A. Khalid, F. Nawaz and M. R. Bhatti ·······2255

Reaction Synthesis Processing of Ni-Al Intermetallic Coating on Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron Substrates

T. Kimata, A. Ikenaga, M. Kawamoto and K. F. Kobayashi ·······2259

Ceramic Lined Steel Elbow Produced by SHS-Gravitational Process

T. Lin, S. Yin, Z. Guo and S. Guo ·······2263

Characterization of New Conversion Coating for the Electrogalvanized Steel Sheets

Y.-G. Jung and C.-S. Park ·······2267

Effect of Heating Temperature on Corrosion Resistance of Zn-Ni Alloy Electroplated Steel Sheet

J. R. Lee, S. H. Cho and S. K. Noh ·······2271

Effect of Purification of Ammonia on Preparation for Fine Cu-Sn Alloy Particles with Ammonia Splashing Method

S. Yokoyama, K. Hirao, M. Kawakami and Y. Murata ·······2275

Application of Solvent Extraction to the Production of Composite Metal Oxide Powders

J. Shibata and H. Yamamoto ·······2279

Macro- and Microstructure Changes by Hydrogenation of Tantalum

S. Semboshi, N. Masahashi and S. Hanada ·······2283

Preparation and Sintering of Al2O3-Cu Composite Powders

J. M. Heintz, L. Pasco, J. L. Bobet and J. F. Silvain ·······2287

Electroless Copper Plating for Electronics Application

I. Chi and J.-H. Lee ·······2291

Production of MgO Dispersed Ni Alloy with High Density

M. Kawakami, M. Simizu, K. Takahashi and M. Umemoto ·······2295

Solid-State Forming of Mg2Si Intermetallic Compound

H. Oginuma, K. Kondoh, T. Aizawa and E. Yuasa ·······2299

Microstructure Evolusion during Densification of the Nano-Structured W-Ni-Fe Composite Powders

J. Fan, B. Huang and X. Qu ·······2301

Effect of Rolling on Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Behavior of Sintered Compact Chromium

Y. Harada and M. Ohmori ·······2305

Properties of Mechanically Alloyed Cu-Sn Powders and the Sintered Compacts

W. Okamura, M. Kohzu, S. Tanabe, K. Higashi and K. Yamadori ·······2309

Effect of Activator on Fabrication of SiCp/Al Composite by Pressureless Infiltration

X. Chen, W. Lei and B. Xu ·······2313

Manufacturing of an Al-7Fe-1.4Mo-1.4Si/Zn-Al/Al Damping Composite by RS P/M Process

P. Li, S. Dai, H. Yu, S. Chai and Y. Li ·······2317

Application of CALPHAD Technique in Combustion Synthesis of Multi-Component System

S. Yin, Y. Liu and C. Liu ·······2321

Reaction Diffusion in Au-Ti System

O. Taguchi, T. Watanobe, Y. Yamazaki and Y. Iijima ·······2325

Joining of Ceramic to Metal Using Al Matrix Composite-Brazing via Pressureless Infiltration Process

M. Kida, M. Shinkai, T. Ishikawa and H. Sakai ·······2329

Mechanical Behavior of Superalloy by Vibration Arc Welding

W. Wu ·······2331

Study on Laser Welding of Aluminium Matrix Composites

J. Niu, D. Zhang, G. Ji and M. Wang ·······2971

The Effects of Mechanochemical Treatment on the Preparation of Carbon Nanotube by Catalytic CVD Process

H. Ryu, H. K. Yu, W.-K. Choi, H. S. Yoon, K. S. Kim, B. Lee and F. Saito ·······2335

The Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Electrodeposited 20%Fe Permalloy

S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Jeon, T. Kang, Y.-C. Joo and T.-H. Yim ·······2339

Oriented Growth and Control of Rare Earth Giant Magnetostrictive Materials

C. Ji, J. Li and Y. Zhou ·······2343

Sputtered Shape Memory Alloy Thin Film for Medical Applications--Planar and 3D Structures.

V. Gupta, A. D. Johnson and V. Martynov ·······2347

Free-Form Laser Consolidation for Manufacturing Rotary Cutting Dies

L. Xue, M.-U. Islam, J. Chen, A. Theriault, A. Wieczorek and G. Draper ·······2351

Research on Hot-Rolled Deep Drawing Steel Sheet

Y. Chen, X. Chen, C. Li and X. Li ·······2355

3-D Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of the Tube Round during Two-Roll Rotary Rolling Process

S. Li, D. Chen and Z. Sun ·······2359

Research on Dual-Mould Contiuous Casting on Bimetal Composite Materials of Cu Alloy and Zn-Al Alloy

C. Wu, J. Xie, L. Zhao, Z. Wang, Y. Deng and C. Zhou ·······2363

Effect of Mechanical Stirring on Semi-Continuous Casting of a Hypereutectic A390 Aluminum Alloy

M. Dohi, Y. Uetani, H. Takagi, K. Matsuda and S. Ikeno ·······2367

Semi-Solid Extrusion of Mechanically Stirred A2014 Aluminum Alloy Billet

T. Hihara, Y. Uetani, H. Takagi, K. Matsuda and S. Ikeno ·······2371

The Characteristics of Microstructure and Deformation of Steel Materials Rolled in Semi-Solid State

Y. Kang, R. Song, A. Zhao, W. Mao, X. Wang and Z. Zhao ·······2375

Synthesis of Al2O3-YAG Eutectic Solidification by Using Phase Selection

Y. Mizutani, H. Yasuda, I. Ohnaka and Y. Waku ·······2379

Influence of Gravity on the Growth of Unidirectionally Solidified Eutectic Alloys

M. Yoshida, K. Mitsuyama, I. Aoi, G. Sasaki and H. Nakae ·······2383

Unidirectionally Cast Copper Alloy Wires with Shape Memory Properties

N. Ishii, G. Motoyasu, H. Soda, A. McLean, K. Kanazawa and M. Uehara ·······2387

Alternative Process for Generation of Solder and Thermal-Fuse Alloy Wires

G. Motoyasu, T. Hosaka, K. Kanazawa, M. Uehara, Z. A. Daya, H. Soda, A. McLean and H. Yamazaki ·······2391

Fabrication of Ultra-High Strength and Low Carbon Steel Wire with Continuously Fibrous Crystals

Z. Wang, J. Xie, C. Wu, H. Zhang, H. Wang and X. Liu ·······2395

Research on Macro and Micro Modeling of Solidification Process of Shaped Casting

B. Liu, S. Xiong and Q. Xu ·······2399

In-Situ Studies of Interface Boundary Layer Structure in Solution Crystal Growth

X. L. Yu, J. L. You, Y. Wang, Sh. L. Whang, H. Y. Hou, D. L. Sun and B. K. Yu ·······2403

Research on the Mechanical Model of Twin Roll Strip Casting Process

Y. Miao, H. Di, X. Zhang, G. Wang and D. Wu ·······2407

Numerical Simulation of the Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Solidification of Twin-Roll Strip Casting

X. Liu, Y. Miao, X. Zhang, H. Di and G. Wang ·······2411

Estimation of Distribution Coeffcient of Ni-Cr and Ni-Cr-Al-Ti Alloys

M. Kudoh, T. Kawanishi and K. Ohsasa ·······2415

Oxidation Mechanism for Carbide Formed in the Reduction Process of Iron-Manganese Oxide with Carbon

H. Furukawa, T. Hashizume, T. Simazaki, K. Terayama and H. Itoh ·······2419

Application of New EGA Method to the Reduction Process in Pyrometallurgy

T. Hashizume, K. Terayama, T. Shimazaki, M. Yamada and H. Itoh ·······2423

*Absorption Thermodynamics of Molten Slag by Filters in Magnesium Alloy Casting

J. Li ·······2427

Materials Characterization

Cubic-Tetragonal Transformation Under External Stress by the Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau Simulations

T. Ichitsubo and K. Tanaka ·······2431

A Phase Field Model for Isothermal Solidification of Multicomponent Alloys

P.-R. Cha, D.-H. Yeon and J.-K. Yoon ·······2435

3D Images of Sintering Phenomena at the Micron Scale

D. Bernard, D. Gendron, S. Bordère, J. M. Heintz, E. Boller, P. Cloetens and J. Baruchel ·······2439

*Numerical Simulation for α/γ Transformation in Fe-Mn-C System by Phase-Field Model

J.-K. Yoon, D.-H. Yeon and P.-R. Cha ·······2443

Development of Metallographic Preparation Techniques for Group IVA and VA Elements

A. M. Kelly, S. R. Bingert, T. G. Abeln, W. L. Hults, J. C. Cooley and D. J. Thoma ·······2447

Strain Analysis around Defect Using Scanning HOLZ Pattern

Y. Takemoto, M. Nagae, K. Otsuka, M. Hida and A. Sakakibara ·······2451

A Phase-Field Model for Solid-Solid Phase Transformations

J.-H. Kim, P.-R. Cha, D.-H. Yeon and J.-K. Yoon ·······2455

Effects of Boron Addition on the Decomposition of 0.1C-9Cr Austenite

S. Kobayashi, K. Toshimori, K. Nakai, Y. Ohmori, H. Asahi and T. Muraki ·······2459

Precipitation Behavior and Texture Analyses of Titanium Added IF Steels

S.-y. Kim, I. Choi, I. Park, S. K. Lee and K.-m. Cho ·······2463

Size Effects of Copper Precipitates on Electrochemical Micro-Galvanic and Hydrogen Embrittlement Behaviors in Cu-Added IF Steel

T. Misawa, S. Komazaki and M. Sugiyama ·······2467

Characterization of M23C6 Precipitation at the Grain Boundaries in 304 and 316 Stainless Steels

H. U. Hong and S. W. Nam ·······2471

Effects of Alloying Elements on the Mechanical Properties of High Purity Steels

J. Yoon and Y. Chin ·······2475

Influence of Si, N on Mechanical Propeties and Bainitic Structure in Steels

M. Shimokawara, H. Takada, T. Shibayama and H. Takahashi ·······2479

A Study of Sulfur Behaviors in Austenitic Stainless Steels at High Temperature

H. J. Kim, Y. Y. Lee, Y. O. Kim and J. Kim ·······2483

Electrical Steel Treated by PCVD and Its Magnetic Properties

R. Wu, J. Liu, X. Wu, P. Huang and X. Chen ·······2487

Investigation of Cu-Added Interstitial-Free Steels

J. Liu, D. Xie, D. Wang, L. Gao, J. Gui and R. Wang ·······2491

Stacking Faults of Metastable γ' Phase Precipitated in an Fe-29Ni-22Co-4Nb-2Cr-1Ti-0.5Al-0.5Si Superalloy

K. Kusabiraki, T. Amano, S. Moto and S. Saji ·······2495

Effect of Ti Addition on the Phase Equilibria in Fe-Al-Co Ordering System and A2+B2+D03 Three-Phase Field

T. Kozakai, H. Araki, T. Koyama and M. Doi ·······2499

Spinodal Decomposition in Fe-Rich Fe-Co-Al Ordered Alloy

T. Kozakai, T. Koyama and M. Doi ·······2503

Interphase Boundary Structure Between Lath Martensite and Austenite in an Fe-Ni-Mn Alloy

N. Miyajima, T. Moritani, T. Furuhara and T. Maki ·······2507

Quantitative Analysis of δ, γ' and γ'' Phases in Inconel 718 by X-ray Diffraction Method

R. Li, D. Cai, W. Zhang, W. Liu and M. Yao ·······2511

Latent Heat of Transformation in NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Under Uniaxial Load

E. P. d. Silva ·······2515

Impurity Diffusion of Al in Ni by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometry (LIBS)

C.-G. Lee, K.-T. Youn, J.-H. Lee, T. Shimozaki and T. Okino ·······2519

Formation of Icosahedral Quasicrystal in Zn-Mg-Sc Alloy

Y. Kaneko and T. Ishimasa ·······2523

Phase Transformation from β to α in a Ti-10wt%Zr Alloy

S. Kobayashi, K. Nakai and Y. Ohmori ·······2527

Fractal Pattern Formation Because of Annealing of Au/Amorphous-Ge Bilayer Film Deposited on a SiO2 Substrate

S. Enami, T. Koyama and M. Doi ·······2531

Decomposed Microstructures During the HDDR Process and the Magnetic Anisotropies of NdFeB-Type HDDR Powders

L. Zhu, M. Itakura, N. Kuwano, K. Oki, R. Nakayama and K. Morimoto ·······2535

Preferential Amorphization and Crystallization in Polycrystalline Silicon Under Ion-Irradiation

M. Takeda, T. Suda, S. Watanabe, S. Ohnuki and H. Abe ·······2539

Microstructure Evolutions during Cooling in a Ti-Al-Zr Alloy

K. Nakai, T. Minaga, S. Kobayashi and Y. Ohmori ·······2543

The Effect of Sc on the Precipitation Behavior in Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys

K.-D. Woo, H.-J. Mun and S.-W. Kim ·······2547

The Short Range Ordered Structure in Cu-Mn Alloy

K. Osaka, T. Hasegawa and T. Takama ·······2551

Thermally Activated Nature of the Tetragonal-to-Monoclinic Martensitic Transformation in Zirconia with a Low Content of Yttria

M. Hayakawa, L. Wang and H. Tottori ·······2555

Quantification of Precipitaion Kinetics and Age Hardening in Aluminium-Litium and Aluminium-Copper-Magnesium Alloys

W. Sha ·······2559

Effect of High Hydrogen Pressure on Interdiffusion in Au/Fe Couple

Y. Yamazaki, H. Kakuta, M. Okada and Y. Iijima ·······2563

Microstructure Evolutions in Mo-HfC Composite Materials during HIP

K. Nakai, K. Watanabe, S. Kobayashi, H. Kurishita and Y. Ohmori ·······2567

Structural Materials

Generation of Recovery Stresses: An Extension of Stalmans-Delaey-Van Humbeeck's Theory

F. Kosel and T. Videnic ·······2571

Computer Modeling of Intergranular Fracture in Textured Materials

J. Lu, J. Y. Park and J. A. Szpunar ·······2575

Structural Evolution of the Strip Case Al Alloy Sheet Processed by Continuous Confined Strip Shearing Based on Equal Channel Angular Pressiong

J.-C. Lee, J.-H. Han, H.-K. Seok and H.-I. Lee ·······2579

Effect of Distribution Change of Grain-Boundary Particles on Grain-Boundary Strength at Elevated Temperatures

H. Miura and T. Sakai ·······2583

Effect of Rare Earth Element Related Phases on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Rapidly Solidified AZ91 Alloys

H. M. Park, T. J. Lee and T. W. Nam ·······2587

Strage of Working Strain and Its Release Behavior for Aluminum Alloys Prepared by the Rolling at Cryogenic Temperature

M. Furui, T. Kawakami and S. Saji ·······2591

On the Mechanical Behaviour of Fine-Grained 5056 Aluminum Alloy Produced by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing

K. Kitagawa, K. Higashi, Y. Demura, V. Patlan, A. Vinogradov and A. Washikita ·······2595

Compressive Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Alloy in the Semi-Solid State at Dynamic Strain Rate

S. Nakano, T. Mukai and K. Higashi ·······2599

On the Fracture Mechanisms of the Hypereutectic Al-Si-Xs Composites Fabricated via Spray Forming and Extrusion

H.-K. Seok, J.-Y. Suh, D.-S. Shin, H.-I. Lee and J.-C. Lee ·······2603

Predicting the Effct of Microstructure on the Mechanical Behavior of Alloy Aluminum-Lithium Aged Hardened by Al3Li and Al3Li-Al3Zr Intermetallic Precipitates

J. M. Fragomeni ·······2607

HRTEM Observations of GP Zones in Al-Ag Alloys Containing Various Amounts of Silver

H. Daicho, K. Matsuda, G. J. Shiflet and S. Ikeno ·······2611

Comparison between Microstructure and DSC Curves of Al-Mg-Si Alloys

K. Matsuda, S. Ikeno, H. Matsui and Y. Uetani ·······2615

Effect of Cu and Excess Si on Mechanical Properties in Al-Mg-Si Alloys

K. Matsuda, K. Kido, Y. Uetani and S. Ikeno ·······2619

Elemental Maps by EFTEM for Small Precipitate in Aluminum Alloys

K. Matsuda, D. Teguri, T. Sakai and S. Ikeno ·······2623

Deformation Behavior Near the Grain Boundary in the Al-Mg-Si Alloy Added Copper

Y. Myoutoku, K. Matsuda, Y. Uetani and S. Ikeno ·······2627

Relation between Elemental Maps and Chemical Composition of Precipitates in Aluminum Alloys by EFTEM

T. Sakai, K. Matsuda and S. Ikeno ·······2631

Effect of Manganese and Excess Silicon on Precipitation of 6082 Series Aluminum Alloys

R. Fujii, K. Matsuda, Y. Uetani and S. Ikeno ·······2635

Effect of Mn Addition on Precipitation Behavior and Mechanical Properties of Spray-Deposited Al-Si-Fe-Cu-Mg Alloy

F. Wang, B. Yang, H. Cui, X. Duan, Y. Liu, B. Xiong and J. Zhang ·······2639

Inverse Transformation of α''→β in Ti-40 mass%Nb Alloy

Y. Mantani, Y. Takemoto, M. Hida and A. Sakakibara ·······2643

Effect of Hot Deformation of β Matrix on the Aged (α+β) Microstructure and Mechanical Property in Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al Alloy

H. Shintaku, Y. Toji, T. Furuhara and T. Maki ·······2647

Carbo-Nitriding of Titanium Surface by a Diffusional Method

K. Matsuura, K. Kamada and M. Kudoh ·······2651

In Vitro and in Vivo Bioactivity of a Titanium/Hydroxyapatite Composite

Y. Zhou, C. Ning, Y. Gu, C. Huang and D. Li ·······2655

Effect of Grain Size on the Properties of 21-4N Valve Steel

S. Cheng and Z. Lin ·······2659

Ultrafine Microstructure in a Microalloyed Steel

Y. Wang, D. Liu, Y. Kang and J. Fu ·······2663

Development of HP295 Hot Rolled Plate for LPG Automobile Cylinder

L. Song, T. Li, Y. Wang, S. Chen, J. Liu and Q. Li ·······2667

Ultrasonic Peening Improves the Fatigue Strength of Welded Joints in Ultra Fine Grain Steel

Z. Tian, G. Zou, C. He and X. Zhang ·······2671

Ultra Fine Micro Structure Steel Tube with High Strength and Excellent Formability

T. Toyooka, A. Yorifuji, M. Kimura, Y. Kawabata, M. Aratani, M. Nishimori and Y. Koyama ·······2675

Effects of High Magnetic Field on Phase Transformation Behavior and Structure in Steels

H. Ohtsuka, Y. Xu and H. Wada ·······2679

Effects of Vanadium Addition on Inhibition of Grain Growth in Ultrafine Grained Low Carbon Steels Manufactured by ECA Pressing

S. M. Kim, Y. K. Kim, W. S. Jung, J. Kim and D. H. Shin ·······2683

*Microstructural Characteristics of Ultrafine Grained Low Carbon Steel Containing Vanadium Fabricated by Equal Channel Angular Pressing

K.-T. Park, Y.-S. Kim, K.-S. Lee and D. H. Shin ·······2687

Creep Characteristics in Carbon Free New Martensitic Alloys

S. Muneki, H. Okada, K. Yamada, H. Okubo, M. Igarashi and F. Abe ·······2691

Nano-Indentation Study on Advanced High Cr Heat Resisting Ferritic Steels

Y. Murata, M. Suganuma, M. Kamiya, M. Morinaga and R. Hashizume ·······2695

Improvement of Low Cycle Fatigue Properties with Addition of Ti in 321 Stainless Steel

K. S. Min, S. C. Lee and S. W. Nam ·······2699

Cooling Control of Nb-Containing Hot Rolled TRIP Steels in Run-Out Table

S.-H. Park and H. N. Han ·······2703

Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels with Fire Resistance

W. Sha ·······2707

*Effect of Phosphorus Doping in Inconel 718 Alloy

Z. Hu, H. Song, W. Sun, S. Guo and D. Lu ·······2711

*NiCoCrAlY Protective Coatings for Gas Turbine Vane Prepared by Pulse Biased Arc Ion Plating (PBAIP)

L. Wen, R. Huang, J. Song and Y. Han ·······2715

A Mechanism of Phosphorus on the Creep Properties of Alloy 718

W. Sun, S. Guo, D. Lu, Z. Li, B. Tong and Z. Hu ·······2719

Effect of Air Exposure on Mechanical Properties of a Directionally Solidified Cobalt-Base Superalloy

W. Jiang, H. Guan, X. Sun, X. Yao and Z. Hu ·······2723

Ductility Improvement of a Cast Nickel-Base Superalloy M963 by Melt Superheating Treatment

C. Yuan, X. Sun, F. Yin, H. Guan and Z. Hu ·······2727

Effect of High Magnetic Field on Strain Age Hardening of Co-Ni-Based Superalloy

A. Chiba, H. Ohtsuka, Y. Xu and H. Wada ·······2731

Effects of the Control of ζ' Size and Amount of η phase by Aging Treatment on the High Temperature Low Cycle Fatigue Properties in Nb-A286 Superalloy

K. J. Kim and S. W. Nam ·······2735

Microstructure Control of B2+L12 Ni-Al-Ti Alloys by Ms Temperature Control

S.-H. Kim, M.-H. Oh, T. Hirano and D.-M. Wee ·······2739

Simulation of Continuous Rolling of Superalloys and Titanium Alloys

R. M. F. Jones, R. S. Minisandram and T. W. Miles ·······2743

*Thermal Stability Study of High Temperature Corrosion Resistant Nickel-Base Superalloy

X. Xie, Z. Liu, S. Zhao, J. Dong, G. D. Smith and S. J. Patel ·······2747

Research Project on Ultra-Steels (STX-21 Project)

A. Sato ·······2751

Recrystallization Control of TZM Alloy by Multi-Step Internal Nitriding

T. Fukumitsu, T. Hoshika, M. Nagae, T. Yoshio, J. Takada and Y. Hiraoka ·······2755

Development in Corrosion Resistance of Molybdenum Alloys by Nitriding

M. Nagae, J. Takada, T. Yoshio and Y. Hiraoka ·······2759

Microstructures and Fracture Toughness of Mo-ZrC Eutectic Composites

T. Suzuki, H. Matsumoto, N. Nomura, N. Masahashi and S. Hanada ·······2763

The Effect of Hf Addition on the Tensile Properties of Nb-Mo-Ti-C In-Situ Composites

T. Tabaru, H. Hirai, H. Ueno, A. Kitahara and S. Hanada ·······2767

Grain Boundary Sliding in Cubic Zirconia Bicrystal

K. Yokoyama, T. Watanabe, N. Shibata, H. Yoshida, Y. Ikuhara and T. Sakuma ·······2771

Effect of Neutron Irradiation on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Zr-2.5Nb Pressure Tube

Y. S. Kim, S. B. Ahn, D. J. Oh, S. S. Kim and Y. M. Cheong ·······2775

Infiltration Behavior of In-Situ TiC-Al Composite by Dipping Process

I.-H. Song, Y.-D. Hahn, H.-D. Kim and D.-K. Kim ·······2779

Development of Lightweight and High Strength Orthorhombic Titanium Alloy-Based Particulate Composites

M. Hagiwara, S. Emura, F. Tang, B. O. Kong and S. S. Kim ·······2783

The Effect of the Volume Fraction of the TiB Whiskers on the Creep Behavior of In-Situ Ti-TiB(w) Composite through the Accommodation Processes

K. Kawabata, E. Sato and K. Kuribayashi ·······2787

Compression Creep Behavior of Directionally Solidified Nb-Mo-W-Ti-Si In-Situ Composites

H. Hirai, T. Tabaru, J.-B. Sha, S.-W. Wang, A. Kitahara and S. Hanada ·······2791 Mechanical Properties and Toughening Mechanisms of Several Kinds of SiO2 Matrix Composites

D. Jia, Y. Zhou and T. Lei ·······2795

Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of SiC Fiber Reinforced Al2O3-YAG Composites

K. Nagahisa, M. Yoshida, G. Sasaki and H. Fukunaga ·······2799

Strength and Fracture Characterization of Perovskite Oxide Tubes

N. Nagendra and S. Bandhopadhyay ·······2803

Exchange Bias and Spin-Valve GMR in Multilayer with Mn-Ir-Pt Antiferromagnetic Layer

D.-M. Jeon, J.-H. Kim, Y.-S. Kim, S.-Y. Yoon, J.-C. Ro, D.-H. Yoon and S.-J. Suh ·······2807

Functional Materials

The Binder for Bonded NdFeB Magnets

L. Jiang, Q. Zhou, Z. Zhang, J. Xing and J. Hao ·······2811

Effect of Cr Addition on the Crystallization Processes and Magnetic Properties of Nd4.5-Fe77-x -Crx -B18.5 Amorphous Ribbons

Y.-C. Jung, Y. Ohmori, K. Nakai, S. Hirosawa and H. Kanekiyo ·······2813

Effect of Co Addition on the GHz Range Microwave Absorption Properties of the Disproportionated Mixture Formed from Sm2Fe17 Compound

T. Maeda, S. Sugimoto, N. Tezuka, T. Kagotani and K. Inomata ·······2817

Effect of Substitution Composition on the Electromagnetic Absorption Properties in Aligned M-Type Barium Ferrite Ba1-x Lax Znx Fe12-x-y (Me0.5Mn0.5)yO19(x =0.0-0.5,Me:,Sn,Zr,y =1.0-3.0)

T. Kagotani, D. Fujiwara, H. Takabayashi, N. Tezuka, S. Sugimoti, K. Inomata and M. Homma ·······2821

Magnetic Properties of a Newly Developed Electrical Steel for High Frequency Use

M. Kawano, O. Kondo, S. Takajo, A. Honda and M. Komatsubara ·······2825

Study on Dynamics of Silicon by PCVD Technique

X. Chen, L. Wang and D. Chen ·······2829

The Effect of Strain on Grain Growth in Cu Thin Films

M. Moriyama, K. Matsunaga and M. Murakami ·······2833

Hydrogen Implantation Effects on the Electrical and Optical Properties of Metal Nitride Thin Films

T. Ishikawa, M. Masuda and Y. Hayashi ·······2837

Effects of Hydrogen Introduction on Electrical and Optical Properties of Cd-Doped Ge Oxide and Zn Oxide Thin Films

M. Arita, H. Konishi, K. Matsuda, M. Masuda and Y. Hayashi ·······2841

Characterization of 0.94(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-0.06BaTiO3 (BNBT-6) Lead-Free Ceramics and BNBT-6/Epoxy 1-3 Composites

D.-Y. Wang, K. Li, H. L.-W. Chan and C.-L. Choy ·······2845

Ferroelectric Properties of Nb-Doped BaTiO3 Thin Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition

A. Hiruta, K. Yamane, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······2849

A Multilayer Self-Coupling Piezoelectric Transformer

N. Y. Wong, J. H. Hu, H. L. W. Chan and C. L. Choy ·······2853

Fabrication and Properties of a 4×4 LiNbO3 Optical Matrix Switch

J. M. Kim, H. D. Yoon, W. S. Yang, D. H. Yoon, Y. S. Kwak, J. S. Park and H.-Y. Lee ·······2857

Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conduction of Ce-TM-Based Ceramics (TM=Fe, Co)

M. Kawai, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······2861

Electrical Conductivity of La2Ti2O7 Prepared by Citrate Process

K. Enomoto, A. Kamegawa, H. Takamura and M. Okada ·······2865

Fabrication and Characterization of Proton Conducting Perovskite-Type Oxides Superlattices

H. Yugami and F. Iguchi ·······2869

Superconductivity and Structure of MgB2 under High Pressure

J. Tang, L.-C. Qin, A. Matsushita, Y. Takano, K. Togano, H. Kito and H. Ihara ·······2873

Magnetism and Superconductivity of Uranium and Intermetallic Compounds

J. L. Smith, J. C. Cooley, E. C. Gay, R. J. Hanrahan, Jr., W. L. Hults, J. C. Lashley, M. E. Manley, C. C. McPheeters, G. M. Schmiedeshoff, D. J. Thoma and S. Touton ·······2877

Critical Current Density and Thermal Conductivity of High-Tc 123 Bulk Materials

K. Noto, T. Abe, Y. Fujine, T. Sato, M. Muralidhar, J. Yoshioka, K. Iida and M. Murakami ·······2881

Effect of MgO Content on the Microstructure and Superconductivity of Pb-Doped Bi-2223 Bulks and Tapes

X. Lu, A. Nagata, D. Kamio, T. Nojima, K. Sugawara and S. Kamada ·······2885

Large Sintered and Textured Bi2223 Pellets. Superconducting-Normal Transition above the Critical Current Density

S. Pavard, D. Bourgault, R. Tournier, N. Caillault and L. Carbone ·······2889

Late Arrival

Atomic Size Distribution Plots for the Structure of Amorphous Metals

D. B. Miracle and O. N. Senkov ·······2893

Crystallization Kinetics of an Amorphous Al85Ni10Y2.5La2.5 Alloy

O. N. Senkov, J. M. Scott, K. L. Kendig and D. B. Miracle ·······2897

*Relaxation and Crystallization of Bulk Metallic Glasses under High Pressure

W.-K. Wang, L.-M. Wang and L.-L. Sun ·······2901

Some Challenges in Nanomaterials and Nanostructures

K. P. Cooper ·······2905

Solidification Processing of Immiscible Alloy Composites under an Applied Electromagnetic Force Field

L. Beltran-Sanchez and N. El-Kaddah ·······2909

Evaluation of Hydrogen Storage Characteristics of Misch Metal Based Alloys

M. A. Imam, N. E. Tran, S. J. Gill and J. R. Feng ·······2913

Mechanical Alloying and Electronic Simulation of Mg-Based Hydrogen Absorbing Materials

Z. X. Guo, M. Bououdina, Y. Song and C. Shang ·······2917

Shock Synthesis and Densification of Intermetallics

F. D. S. Marquis ·······2921

Building a Constitutive Model for Predicting the Thermal Mechanical Fatigue of Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Interconnects

P. T. Vianco, J. A. Rejent, A. F. Fossum and M. K. Neilsen ·······2925

Strain and Stress Field Contrast near Charged Dislocation Loops Formed under Irradiation in Ceramic Materials

A. Ryazanov, C. Kinoshita and K. Yasuda ·······2929

*Effects of Grain Boundary Misorientation on Radiation-Induced Solute Segregation in Irradiated Austenitic Stainless Steels

T.-S. Duh, J.-J. Kai and F.-R. Chen ·······2933

Thermoelectric Microdevices for On-Chip Power Generation and Cooling

J.-P. Fleurial, G. J. Snyder, M. A. Ryan, C.-K. Huang, A. Borshchevsky, J. A. Herman and T. Caillat ·······2937

Point-Defect Production and Migration in Pu Metal at Ambient Conditions

S. M. Valone, M. I. Baskes, M. Stan and K. E. Sickafus ·······2941

Field-Induced Strain in Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys: from Macroscopic to Microscopic Models.

R. C. O'Handley, D. I. Paul, M. Marioni, C. P. Henry, M. Richard, P. G. Tello and S. M. Allen ·······2945

Mechanical Biocompatibility of Dental Implant Materials

A. Barzin, C. G. Sheets and J. C. Earthman ·······2949

*Mechanisms and Effect of Microstructure on Creep of TiAl-Based Alloys

K. Subramanian, G. B. Viswanathan, Y.-W. Kim, V. K. Vasudevan and M. J. Mills ·······2953

Determination of the Lower Temperature Limit of Void Swelling in the Russian Version of AISI 321 Stainless Steel at PWR-Relevant Displacement Rates

S. I. Porollo, Y. V. Konobeev, A. M. Dvoriashin, V. M. Krigan and F. A. Garner ·······2959

*A New Nitrogen Vacancy Conducted Modulated Structure in GaN Nano-Particles

Z. Zhang, H. Li and H.-P. Sun ·······2963

Only Abstract

*Deformation of Polysynthetically Twinned TiAl Single Crystals

Y. Chen, V. Vitek and D. P. Pope ·······2987

Interface-Controlled Creep Deformation in Fully Lamellar TiAl with Refined Microstructure

L. M. Hsiung and T. G. Nieh ·······2988

Fracture Resistance of Lamellar Binary TiAl: Role of Colony Boundaries

S. Kumar, P. Wang, K. Chan, N. Bhate and J. Onstott ·······2989

*Magnetism-Induced Lattice Expansion and Solid Solution Hardening in NiAl Alloys

C. T. Liu, C. L. Fu, L. M. Pike and D. S. Easton ·······2990

*Exploration of Mo-Si-B Based Alloys for High Temperature Structural Applications

M. G. Mendiratta, T. A. Parthasarathy and D. M. Dimiduk ·······2991

*Bond-Order Potentials for Studies of Extended Defects in L10 TiAl

V. Vitek, S. Znam, R. Porizek, D. Nguyen-Manh and D. G. Pettifor ·······2992

Dynamic Strain-Aging and the Yield Strength Anomaly in CoTi and CoHf

M. W. Wittmann, Jr. ·······2993

Development of In-Plane Texture in Ceramic Thin Films by Ion-Beam Assisted Deposition

L. A. Emmert, P. N. Arendt, J. R. Groves, R. F. Depaule and L. Stan ·······2994

Strain Compatibility Mechanism for Nanoscale Charge, Spin, Polarization and Strain Texturing in Smart Electronic/Elastic Materials

A. Saxena, T. Lookman, A. R. Bishop, R. C. Albers and S. R. Shenoy ·······2995

*Mechanism for Ferromagnetic Shape Memory in Fe3Pd

R. Cui-Jun, R. D. James and M. Wuttig ·······2996

Relation between Point Defect Accumulation and Phase Transformations in Materials with Propensity to Disorder on one of Sublattices

V. Afanasyev-Charkin, V. T. Gtitsyna, D. W. Cooke, M. Ishimaru, B. L. Bennett and K. E. Sickafus ·······2997

Mechanical Properties of Mo5X3+α (X=Si, B, C) Single Crystals

T. Hayashi, K. Ito, M. Kumagai and M. Yamaguchi ·······2998

Author Index

·······2999

Subject Index

·······3011